The Cold War : An Ideological Battle On Modern Society

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The Cold War was an ideological battle on how to industrialize aspects of modern society. With countries weakened due to World War II, America and the Soviet Union both rose as a strong, dominant power to the rest of the world. The United States feared that communism would spread through Eastern Europe, then to countries like Italy and France, which would then move to them (The Origins of the Cold War). As Kaufman states in her book “A Concise History of U.S. Foreign Policy”, an unintended consequence of World War II was establishing the context of the Cold War, as a result of the clashing power between the Soviet Union and United States (Kaufman 83). From this, there are many theories that political scientists have established to explain how the Cold War began. There are theories of anti-radical antipathy, North Russian campaign, and hegemonic stability (Datta 2016). I argue that the theory of hegemonic stability is the most compelling because the Cold War was a war based on power and fear between the Soviet Union and the United States; both wanted to be the economic and military leaders of the world, even though there could only be one, which this theory addresses. In this paper, I will survey the different theories of how the Cold War began, including the theories of anti-radical antipathy, north Russian campaign, and hegemonic stability. In these discussions, I will acknowledge the origins, conduct, and effects of the Cold War, including information found in both the podcasts “The Origins of the Cold War”, and “What Kept the Cold War Cold” by the Council of Foreign Relations, and Kaufman’s book. I will argue why I believe the hegemonic stability theory to be most compelling, and how this theory is more realistic than the oth... ... middle of paper ... ...t works with them. The theories of the Cold War show that there is no one explanation for why it began, but the struggle to be the hegemonic power is the most compelling theory because of the struggle between the Soviet Union and United States to dominate economically and militarily internationally. Although there were aspects of history and culture that significantly contributed to the cause of the Cold War, they were not as influential as the desire to be the dominant power internationally. America rose as a dominant power post-World War II due to the damage caused to the rest of the world, but the Soviet Union also remained a dominant power as well. The clash of these two powers internationally to be the hegemonic power is the most practical theory of the cause of the Cold War because they both wanted to dominant economically and militarily, but only one could be
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