This perspective is worried about the meaning of deviance and how different acts are assigned as deviant. Even though both perspectives deal with who is or is not deviant, the positivist perspective is focused on the deviant and gives a reason for why someone commits a deviant act; whereas, the constructionist perspective focuses on the labeling of the deviant act and the response from other members of society in determining who is a deviant. Works Cited Thio, A. (2010). Deviant Behavior (10th ed.).
The construct validity of the PANAS was questioned due to the selection of items for the subscales to show that each was independent. The items, however, may not adequately represent their supposed constructs. Watson and Clark stated that fear is not related to NA but “scared” and “afraid” are both included in the negative affect scale. This argues that the construct validity of the test is low because it may not test what it is meant to test by adding unrelated items. If the PANAS added either more terms or more questions, without repetition, there is little doubt that both reliability and validity could increase.
Labels for the sake of professional classification have proven to be invaluable tools. They help psychologists describe psychological disorders, find initial causes for disorders, help outline possible future complications, and in turn aid in the development of beneficial patient treatment. Without being able to label these disorders, then the studies and treatments involved would be confused and disorganized. However, labels do have significant negative effects that can greatly hinder the outlook and opinions held by professionals, patients, and the general public. One must be aware of both positive and negative effects in order to use labeling and treat those who have been labeled in a way which will not shadow one’s thoughts and actions.
The most important part of this process is having patients trust their responses without utilizing the help and opinions of other individuals (Van Goethem, A., et al.). Though there are several different components that make up the dialectical behavioral therapy, they are each crucial to the treatment for individuals with, not only borderline personality disorder, but many other psychological disorders as well. Some of the effects of how this treatment has worked can be observed in a couple of different
There are might be two phases of Fundamental Attribution Error. The first one is to make quick reasoning about someone’s behavior based on his or her personality. If the person sees a mistake in judgment, he or she can go the next level of analyze. The second phase is to understand deeper and more accurate the reasons for behavior of others. Because of this time taking process people do not consider the second phase as necessity.
The question here is: Can there be a connection between imperfect organisms within the body which in turn display abnormal behavior? We learn from the text that the brain has many parts that are designed to specific duties. If one of the nerves or cells is faulty, can it somehow be tied to the way a person acts? The answer is yes. We know that abnormal behavior is not just that of a mental disorder, and we know that certain chromosomal disorders have been proven to cause abnormalities within the human body.
Repression is a very general concept in the field of psychology researched by many scholars through the years. Psychologists and other professionals attempt to understand repression and how it affects the wellbeing of individuals. Repression affects people positively and negatively; studies provide empirical evidence on the extent of repression in dealing with traumatic experiences. There is a basic understanding of what transpires when repression occurs; when something shocking or traumatic occurs, a person’s mind analyzes and deals with it. When the mind cannot deal with the occurrence, it pushes the memory into sub-consciousness where it cannot access it.
Due to its relational nature, CBT also requires a positive relationship between client and therapist. CBT may not be an effective intervention for individuals with complex mental health issues. Critiques of CBT see this type of treatment to be surface level and believe it does not address problems to the core. Overall, this type of therapy is positive, however, its effectiveness is dependent upon factors, such as the type of disorder, patient’s willingness to change, support of the therapist, commitment to do the work, and attend the sessions. Additional work is needed to understand the predictors of patient outcomes and ways to better CBT
... ... middle of paper ... ...tive therapy and some mental exercise. Although the results to this study did not support that memories triggered emotional response were suppressed behaviorally through complete the experiment, I believe that this study lays a good foundation to lead to this helpful solution for many individuals suffering from intrusive thoughts. I think a nest step would be to survey a larger participant pool and to see if there is a way to enhance to experiment to maybe add in being able to suppress behavioral response to emotional memories, effectively helping to remove some stress on those who suffer from intrusive thoughts due to cognitive disorders. References Sakaki, M., Kuhbandner, C., Mather, M., & Pekrun, R. (2014). Memory suppression can help people 'unlearn' behavioral responses—But only for nonemotional memories.
For the same benefits I am hoping that by studying abnormal psychology I can point out when those that I care for are exhibiting abnormal behavior and would benefit from professional help. My interactions and communication will others will greatly improve by studying abnormal behavior as I will have the knowledge to properly empathize and motivate those suffering with mental