The Code Of Moralism In John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism

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Along with other noted philosophers, John Stuart Mill developed the nineteenth century philosophy known as Utilitarianism - the contention that man should judge everything in life based upon its ability to promote the greatest individual happiness. While Bentham is acknowledged as the philosophy’s founder, it was Mill who justified the axiom through reason. He maintained that because human beings are endowed with the ability for conscious thought, they are not merely satisfied with physical pleasures; humans strive to achieve pleasures of the mind as well. Once man has ascended to this high intellectual level, he desires to stay there, never descending to the lower level of existence from which he began. In Chapter 2 of Utilitarianism, Mill contends that “pleasure, and freedom from pain, are the only things desirable as ends” (Mill, 7). Before addressing his argument, Mill defines the topic, “The creed…show more content…
To this, Mill contended that there cannot be a singular list of morality standards which are in place always. There are going to be times when a person needs to weigh his actions to determine what will provide the most pleasure and the least pain. For example, conventional Judeo-Christian morality teaches that it is wrong to lie.
In an instance where the truth in a given situation is more dangerous or harmful than a fabrication, the lie may be in the best interest of minimizing pain. Deviating from this rule of conduct is acceptable in utilitarianism because it is sparing individuals from a given evil. It may be inferred that Mill maintained that it was okay to sometimes “bend the rules” to achieve a desirable end. Mill also attempts to offer proof that man conducts his life in pursuit of happiness and the avoidance of misery. “The only proof capable of being given that an object is visible, is that people actually see

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