The Civil War: The Great American Tragedy

Good Essays
Causing four years of bloodshed on American ground, the Civil War was considered to be one of the most divisive wars in American history. Lasting from 1861 to 1865, the US Civil War was fought between the American people, mainly the northern states versus the southern states. There is a common misconception that slavery is the key issue that led to the American Civil War. However, there were several other reasons that pushed American into the “Great American Tragedy”. Because the North and the South were very different economically, socially, and politically, and with territorial expansion all of this eventually resulted in the Civil War, or the War Between the States.
First of all, there is an economic difference between the North and the South. In the North, society was fast becoming industrial and focused more on city life. In contrast, the South remained a region of small towns and large plantations. As Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable (Grischy). People who owned land began to grow cotton which led to a large amount of cheap labor, so slaves were needed. The South became a one crop economy which depended mostly on cotton and therefore on slavery. On the other hand, the North was based more on industry rather than agriculture. It focused on manufacturing and using raw materials to make finished goods. While the northern people favored taxes on imports, also known as tariffs that protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition, the southern people, on the other hand, were opposed to tariffs. In order for Southerners to buy goods from the North, the Northern politicians passed heavy taxes on imported goods from Europe. The economic difference was one of the reasons that div...

... middle of paper ...

...lavery. On the other hand, the Union fought the Civil War because they wanted to end slavery and also because many people believed that the Southern states did not have the right to succeed.
In conclusion, due to economic, social, political differences between the North and the South and with territorial expansion, all of this added in causing the Civil War. During the early 1860s, the Civil War of America was a major conflict between the Union, and the Confederate of States. The United States was divided into the North and the South because of economic differences, and different lifestyles. The North was become industrialized at a very fast rate and focused more on city life. The South, in contrast, was still an agricultural society which depended mostly on cotton and slavery. There was so many reasons caused the Civil War to happen and it was an inevitable war.
Get Access