The Civil Rights Movement in the 1960’s

African Americans have been struggling for equality for many decades. It only seems that during the 1960?s is when there were actual significant advances made. This was about the same time that civil rights came into the political scene. Throughout the South, Blacks were still in the majority, but had no political power what so ever. The Civil Rights Movement gave African Americans a voice and a chance to make a difference. The 1960's helped open up hope and expectations for Black Americans. One of the most prominent men of his time, Martin Luther King Jr. was known as ?A national hero and a civil rights figure of growing importance? (Discovering 1). ?Martin Luther King Jr. aroused whites and blacks to protest racial discrimination, poverty and war? (Compton?s 244). On August 28, 1963 King made one of his most influential speeches ever at the March on Washington. His ?I have a dream? speech had a major impact on all of America. His speech urged people to be judged by their character and not by the color of their skin (Civil Rights 148). King was a man who didn?t believe in violence. The way he got his point across was not through violence, but through peaceful protest just as Gandhi had done. Martin Luther organized sit-ins, marches and boycotts. This was otherwise known as civil disobedience. King believed that it was now time to end segregation and discrimination in the South and throughout the entire country (Civil Rights 84). King helped bring together many blacks that were looking for peaceful solutions to racial oppression in the United States. King became the youngest man ever to win the Nobel peace prize in 1964. Another young man who fought for civil rights was Malcolm X. Otherwise known as X, he... ... middle of paper ... ...For sixty-five consecutive nights, rallies were held and during the day direct action protests continued (Compton?s 134). It was one of the ?most dramatic confrontations of the Civil Rights Movement? (Discovering 3). This event helped achieve King?s goal in breaking up segregation in the South. All the hard work of black activists and organizations finally paid off when President Lyndon B.Johnson passed the Civil Rights Bill. It was passed in February 1964 in the House of representatives and was moved to be passed by the Senate. It was fought brutally by the South senators who conducted a forty-seven day filibuster (Discovering 4) It was the longest recorded in history (Compton?s 135). This bill outlawed racial discrimination in public accomodations and gave the Justice Department addittional powers in dealing with segregation of schools (Compton?s135)
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