The Selma-Montgomery March The Civil Rights Movement began in order to bring equal rights and equal voting rights to black citizens of the US. This was accomplished through persistent demonstrations, one of these being the Selma-Montgomery March. This march, lead by Martin Luther King Jr., targeted at the disenfranchisement of negroes in Alabama due to the literacy tests. Tension from the governor and state troopers of Alabama led the state, and the whole nation, to be caught in the violent chaos caused by protests and riots by marchers. However, this did not prevent the March from Selma to Montgomery to accomplish its goals abolishing the literacy tests and allowing black citizens the right to vote.
In 1959 he travelled to India to study Ghandi style non-violent protest . The same year, King moved to Atlanta, where he served as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. In 1[IMAGE]Text Box: Washington, 1964, â€œI have a dreamâ€963 King organized and led Black non-violent campaigns for desegregation and better education for Blacks. Police reacted badly to the harmless protests and King was arrested a few times , though the subsequent nationwide publicity of police injustice in the south only proved helped his cause. Then, June 1964 President Kennedy passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which prohibits discrimination in federally funded programs and also
At Boston University, he met Coretta Scott; they were married in 1953. King's rise to national and international prominence began in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955. In that year, Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to obey a city ordinance that required African Americans to sit or stand at the back of municipal buses. The African American citizens of the city (one of the most thoroughly segregated in the South) organized a bus boycott in protest and asked King to serve as their leader. Thousands boycotted the buses for more than a year, and despite segregationist violence against them, King grounded their protests on his deeply held belief in nonviolence.
The CORE is for the Congress of Racial Equality and started the first series of Freedom Riders in May of 1961. They traveled on two interstate buses starting in Washington D.C. and traveling to New Orleans. The people who disagreed with this movement threw stones and burnt these traveling buses in order to show their dislikeness of the blacks. All of these programs promoted rights for African Americans. The Black Panthers was organized by the SNCC and became popular in the late 60's.
There were some state officials, such as Governor Ross Barnett, who tried to defy the ruling of the Supreme Court case decision. When Meredith arrived on the campus of Ole Miss, under protection of federal forces, there was a group of over 2000 students that blocked his way into the school. Riot broke out and two people were killed and many injured and imprisoned. Robert F. Kennedy, in retaliation to the riot, sent federal marshals and National Guardsmen. March on Washington The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americ... ... middle of paper ... ...ippi and he was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
The Selma Marches led to many advances in the civil rights movement and got the black civil movement really fired up. The DCVL and organizers from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee started working for voting registration for blacks in 1963. The white resistance to black voter registration was very extreme in the south. Racist southerners would threaten blacks that would try to register even though it was completely within the black’s rights. Eventually the DCVL asked the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; which was led by Martin Luther King Jr. for help.
He was there in 1947 participating in the Journey of Reconciliation also (Powledge 254). While the riders were in Anniston, Alabama on their way to Birmingham, a white mob, including members of the Ku Klux Klan, stopped the bus and wouldn’t let the riders off (Powledge 255). The mob slashed the tires, but the bus got away until about six miles down the road. The mob caught up to the bus and surrounded it until Ell Cowling, a police officer, pulled out his gun and badge and the Klansman backed away. Someone from the mob had thrown a flaming device into a bus window and the bus went up in flames (Garrow 2).
December 1, 1955 Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat in the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger. In response to the arrest the Montgomery Black Community started a bus boycott. This boycott went on until the buses were desegregated in December 21, 1956. On February 1, 1960, four students from North Carolina Agricultural & Technical College, an all-black college, sat down at... ... middle of paper ... ...r adopted by congress. In the act it states that no person could be denied the right to vote on account of race or color.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama. The law said that black people had to sit in the back of the bus while the the white people sat in the front. Bus drivers often referred to black people on the bus as nigger, black cow, or black ape. Blacks had to pay in the front of the bus and they had to get off to go threw the side door to sit in the back. Dr. Martin Luther King jr., was born on January 15,1929 but died April 4, 1968.
Even before the 1940s, African Americans were not treated as equals in society. One year after the Brown vs. Board Of Education case, the Montgomery Bus Boycott took place. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a woman from Montgomery Alabama, refused to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back. Rosa Parks had gone against the “southern custom” (Clayborne Carson) of sitting in the back of the bus only because she was black. She was thrown in jail but the black community came together and boycotted the buses.