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The Christian Life

analytical Essay
3135 words
3135 words
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The Christian Life Introduction The Book of Romans is what Martin Luther called the most important letter that Paul ever wrote. The theological arguments and implications of Romans are far-reaching and the many topics are interconnected and entirely consistent with one another in argumentation and style. Within this cogent and comprehensive theological statement of belief and faith, Paul writes extensively on what it means to live a Christian life. He combines his understanding of the fall of humankind, the Old Testament law, and the fulfillment of the law in Jesus Christ with the post-Pentecostal period where the Holy Spirit dwells in believers who have professed their faith in Jesus as their Savior. According to Rom 8, the Spirit is integral to the Christian’s sanctification. The life of a Christian is one in which believers should rely on the Holy Spirit to guide them in their daily lives, a life where they are obedient to God and stand in faith on His promises. Reliance on the Holy Spirit Paul teaches that the mind is the key to obedience, but that the mind is helpless to the desires of the flesh unless the person has the Spirit active within him or her. Without the indwelling Spirit, a person simply cannot be obedient to God. Paul explains why in Romans 8:5, indicating that the fundamental reason for people’s inability to obey is that their minds are fixed on the flesh without the Spirit’s grace. He states, “Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires.” In this sense, the mind is the slave of the body without the Spirit. With the Spirit, however, the mind is the slave of the Spirit. On... ... middle of paper ... ...ber 12, 2013. Bruce, F.F. The Letter of Paul to the Romans. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. Eerdman’s, 1988. Cranfield, C. E. B. Romans: A Shorter Commentary. New York, NY: Continuum Publishing, 1985. Dunn, James. Romans: Word Biblical Commentary. Columbia: Word, Inc., 1988. Kaylor, R.D. Paul’s Covenantal Community: Jew and Gentile in Romans. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1988. Luther, Martin. “Commentary on the Book of Romans.” Transl. by Andrew Thornton. http://www.ewordtoday.com/comments/romans/luther/romansintro.htm. Accessed December 12, 2013. MacArthur, John. Romans. Nashville TN: Nelson, 2007. Moo, Douglas. The Epistle to the Romans. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. Eerdman’s Publishing, 1996. Schreiner, Thomas. Romans: Baker Exegetical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1998. Wright, N.T. Romans. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009.

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how paul combines his understanding of the fall of humankind and the old testament law with the post-pentecostal period where the holy spirit dwells in believers who have professed their faith in jesus as their savior.
  • Analyzes how paul teaches that the mind is the key to obedience, but that without the indwelling spirit, a person cannot be obedient to god.
  • Analyzes how paul builds on the idea of the mind as slave by arguing that the body or the spirit will always have a governor or leader, and the person is helpless to resist the flesh.
  • Analyzes the meanings of "flesh" and "spirit" in paul's letter.
  • Explains that the slavery to the spirit that paul describes for the believer is far from the type of bondage suffered by sinners; it is freedom from sin and a freedom to live in obedience to god.
  • Analyzes how paul redefines obedience within the context of the new law of spirit so that people understand what it is to obey god in the new covenant.
  • Analyzes paul's cogent analysis of the relationship between sin, death, the law, and salvation from sin and death.
  • Analyzes how paul explains the relationship between law and sin by arguing that the law itself is not sinful but it exposes sin.
  • Analyzes how paul uses this analysis of the relationship between sin, death, the law, and jesus’ righteous life and resurrection to explain how present christians can live right lives.
  • Opines that sin is no longer your master because you are not under the law, but under grace. but thanks be to god that you have come to obey the pattern of teaching that has now claimed your allegiance.
  • Analyzes how paul addresses the false argument that believers in jesus may do as they like now that they are not beholden to the law.
  • Analyzes how paul makes his discussion of law, sin, righteousness, jesus, and the spirit personal by making it personal. he declares that he is wretched and in need of rescuing.
  • Analyzes how paul lays the foundation for the process of sanctification as an expression of the spirit's righteousness acting within the person.
  • Explains that the offering of the body is an expression of sanctification as the believer is granted righteousness and released from the bonds of sin.
  • Analyzes how paul explains the process of sanctification in romans 6 when he identifies every believer with the death of christ as well as his resurrection.
  • Analyzes how paul avoids any sense of legalism where christians would have to engage in certain practices to enjoy the gift of salvation and eternal life.
  • Analyzes how the theme of death and rebirth is one that paul carries through his argument about how believers' faith in christ enables them to be sanctified.
  • Analyzes how paul's theology teaches believers to reject the cultures in which they live as the patterns of their lives. the renewing of the mind leads one back to what paul explained in romans 8.
  • Explains that paul's directions offer believers a direct way to ensure that they obey god and live righteously.
  • Explains bruce, f.f., the letter of paul to the romans.
  • Explains that paul's covenantal community: jew and gentile in romans. louisville, ky: westminster john knox press, 1988.
  • Describes luther's commentary on the book of romans, transl. by andrew thornton.
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