The Characteristics Of Liberalism And Conservatism

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Liberalism has held positions in a variety of political ideologies over the centuries. Liberalism can be traced into the 18th Century, where commoners began to push against the political arrangements in Europe. The Brits seemed to embrace liberalism and positioned the government as representatives of the people. Unlike the French who felt that it was an attack on their monarch and rule. According to Gaus, Courtland, & Schmidtz (2015), “The Fundamental Liberal Principle holds that restrictions on liberty must be justified”. When liberalism came about 1848 according to Shively (2014) the workers liked the values of this ideology. Some characteristics of liberalism are the belief of value in human personality and their equality, that individuals…show more content…
Criminal laws should be limited in their application to violations of the rights of others through force or fraud, or to deliberate actions that place others involuntarily at significant risk of harm”. The party also rejects the death penalty and believes in justified used of force in defense of one’s self, property, or life (Libertarian Political Party, 2016). Conservatism is a political ideology that tends to stick to tradition in regards to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. Conservatisms can be traced to the French Revolution of 1789. Patterson (2008) wrote that conservatives believe that government need to be economical in its systems (less government), but use its ability to maintain the traditions of the union. Conservatism tends to be critical of proposals for profound social change. Some Conservatives tend to seek reform of society slowly over time. This ideology tends to seek organic changes to society versus a revolutionary approach. According to Shively (2014) believe that a society must consist of structure and order (p. 31). Basic conservative ideology believes in the preservation of personal wealth, private ownership, and individualism. True conservatism leans more religious structure, stricter in the punishment of criminals, and tends to not be accepting of homosexuals or minorities. Conservatives tend to be more supportive of the national

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