The Chaotic Reign of Akhenaten

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Amenhotep III was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt from around 1388 BC till about 1350 BC. During his rule of Egypt, was a period of unprecedented prosperity and artistic splendor (Wiki: Amenhotep III). The art from this time showed several gods that ancient Egyptians worshiped, such as Amun, Anubis, Aten, Ra, and many others. Most art was drawn in a way that most of the body parts were sized according to standard proportions, yet the poses were so rigid that they seem to have little sense of movement, if any at all. Many of these drawings were reliefs on walls and pottery. The art was known for its boldness and controlled vitality. Most of the architecture and sculptures were made from heavy materials, mostly stone, which helped to emphasize bulk, solidity, and impersonality. Some examples of these would be the Luxor Temple and the Colossi of Memnon. This was the art of the New Kingdom, which combined the monumental forms of the Old Kingdom and the drive and inspirations of the Middle Kingdom.
Amenhotep III had two sons Thutmose (“Thutmose V”) and Amenhotep IV. With Thutmose being the elder of the two, he was the one recognized as the heir of his father. Unfortunately Thutmose had died at a young age and the cause of death is still unknown. Due to Thutmose’s death, after Amenhotep III passed away his second son, Amenhotep IV, took his place as pharaoh.
Amenhotep IV was crowned in Thebes which is where he started ruling from. Once crowned he started building programs, just like many pharaohs of ancient Egypt. He decorated the temple of Amun-Re (or “Amun”, King of the gods and god of the Wind), with himself worshipping Re-Harakhti (or “Ra” god of the Sun) (Wiki: Akhenaten). Soon after he decided to construct a temple dedicated to Aten (...

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Works Cited

Phaidon Press Inc. "Amarna Period." Shanahan, Karl. Egypt: 400 years of art. New York: Phaidon press Limited, 2003. 177-195.
Redford, Donald B. "Akhenaten: The Heretic King." /redford, Donald B. Akhenaten: The Heretic King. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1984. 71-72.
Scala Publications. "Head of Amenophis IV - Akhenaten." Publications, Scala. The Egypt of The Pharaohs. London: Harper & Row, 1987. 104-107.
Wiki: Akhenaten. n.d. 25 4 2014. .
Wiki: Amarna Heresy. n.d. 25 April 2014. .
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Wilkinson, Richard H. "Significance in Substance: the symbolism of Materials." Wilkinson, Richard H. Symbol & Magic in Egyptian Art. New York: Thomas and Hudson, 1994. 82-103.
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