The sectarianism nature of contemporary conflicts has conceptualised the prevalence of religion as a coercive influencer in conflict and peace. The embryonic Syrian Civil War (2011 – present) reflects the inherent relationship between religious identity and ideals with conflict through an isolated Syrian protest exacerbating into a Shiite-Sunni sectarianism war. However, this exploration of the parallelisms between the sectarian paradigm and conflict marginalises the significance of religious mediation in peaceful resolutions. Thus, the religious overtones of the Syrian Civil War has perpetuated the conflict through intensifying rigidly isolated religious groups, while conversely, has the potential to resolve the war through pacifism ideology. The current Syrian Civil War exemplifies the paramount significance of religion, in conflict, through the intertwined trajectories of religion and political power.
In Hermann Häring’s, Religion as a Source of Violence: Overcoming Violence in the Name of Religion (Christianity and Islam) and Working Hard to Overcome Violence in the Name of Religion, he focuses on the notion of violence in the name of religion and the role of religion in the name of peace. All religions know violence and killing are unacceptable, but when religion is questioned or disputed, violence is used as a means to protect ones authenticity or credibility. Violence is no longer an acceptable means to reconcile conflict. The use of non-violent tactics, communication, and formal steps to settle conflicts should be enforced to overcome violence and show reconciliation for past conflicts to create solidarity and trust amongst different religions. Hermann Häring’s argues that religion only leads to violence when it is combined with other factors.
One country claims it was a civil war, while another states it was genocide. In the curriculum for history in the United States, our country is often idealized. Criticisms of the United States or talk of what the United States could have done are sparse or essentially non-existent. Samantha Power, the author of “A Problem from Hell” addresses the unspoken issues of the United States lack of involvement in genocides all around the world. During the time of the Bosnian war, neither the Bush administration nor the Clinton administration intervened to help prevent hundreds of thousands of deaths and millions of displacements occurring in Bosnia.
Over the past decade, countries from the Organization of the Islamic Conference have been working through the United Nations system to advance the problematic idea that there should be laws against the so-called "defamation of religions.” human rights organizations in Egypt issued a joint statement condemning what they say is a lack of respect for human rights standards when it comes to freedom of association. "We document actual violations of right to life, freedom of assembly and freedom of association and freedom of expression and that's what we are doing." Says the Federal Information & News Dispatch According. Patrick Ventrell , "People should be able to exercise their universal rights peacefully," The problem in Egypt started when Muslims and the Coptic Christians clashed in Cairo after a funeral service. Four Christians were killed earlier by Muslims.
Since early 2011, the country has been plagued with civil unrest as fighting erupted between Syrian citizens and the government, causing a strong international reaction from other countries. When viewing the conflict through Weber’s lens, is it possible to rationalize the idea of Syria being a State in terms of the violence that has ensued? In order to come up with an answer, you need to ask two more questions in relation to Weber’s definition: Does the Syrian government successfully claim the monopoly of violence? Is the use of violence legitimate? While the term “civil war” seems to be the “preferred term for the ongoing violence in Syria” (Keating, Would You Know a Civil War When You Saw One?
The CAR is a region in the middle of Africa that is surrounded by neighbouring states Chad, Congo, Sudan, and Cameroon (Graf). The CAR, since its independence from France in 1960, has been an area of continuous rebellion and contention. With over 60 ethnic groups, there has been constant conflict and political instability within the country. In 2003 Francois Bozizé seized power and became head of state and in 2005 he was elected president during the presidential elections. The result of this election was not accepted by all parties and rebel groups constantly challenged his office (Graf).
In addition to the physical destruction, the exodus of the colons deprived the country of most of its managers, civil servants, engineers, teachers, physicians, and skilled workers--all occupations from which the Muslim population had been excluded or discouraged from pursuing by colonial policy. Algeria, though rich in oil and other natural resources, was unable to make use of them on its own. Civil war broke out between various militia groups that had once been united in the struggle for freedom, but now wanted power. It is clear that French colonialism has had a tremendous impact on Algeria and its development. For thirty years after independence, government forces continued to clash with militant groups and hundred of thousands of lives have been lost in the process.
The UN peacekeeping operation have failed to protect people during world crime, simply because they weren’t able to fulfill their obligated duties. Many of the peacekeepers in the United Nations have agreed with terms which involves helping countries in need, setting up better living standards, and promoting human rights. Sadly, they have failed to follow their terms leaving them lose respect with nations worldwide. Sri Lanka, is a great example of the UN not fulfilling their promises. From 1983 to 2008, Sri Lanka has faced one of the longest civil wars.
It is sad that I never learned about traded during all my years of primary education. There have been many cases of genocide throughout the history of the African people. King Leopold II’s Congo Free State was most likely the worst of them all.
Humanitarian intervention is use of force or other sanctions by one state or group of states against another to prevent or stop the denial of the basic human rights of that states citizens. There is no actual definition of humanitarian intervention, only a basic notion of what it entails and the outstanding question of whether the human rights violations in a sovereign state are reason enough for others to intervene. In past wars the majority of casualties were the combatants, but today’s wars have larger civilian casualty numbers. With aggressive pursuit of stories by the media and fast exchange of information in todays age, armed action against a states own citizens do not remain secret for long. For these reasons, in 2005 U.N. members adopted the concept of responsibility to protect.