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The Central African Republic ( Car )

Better Essays
Navika Seunarine
Senior Seminar

Introduction
Following years of inhumaneness and instability since gaining independence in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) remains to be one of the least developed countries in the world as the current civil war continues to transpire. The CAR has endured several coups sequentially in the past few decades, but all efforts made in stabilizing the country were lost as the Séléka captured the capital, Bangui, and overthrew the government in March 2013, ultimately exiling President Francois Bozize.
The CAR has essentially descended into an ethnic and sectarian state of violence with relentless failure to alleviate the sadistic turmoil civilians are forced to endure daily. Consequently, the United Nations has initiated the deployment of foreign troops in April 2014 with a peacekeeping operation mandate, The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilized Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), in efforts to help stabilize the country once again. Concerned with the security, humanitarian needs, human rights and the political crisis the CAR is undergoing, MINUSCA’s utmost priority resumes to be the protection and safety of the innocent civilians.
The CAR’s sectarian civil war is amongst two opposing actors—the Séléka rebels, predominantly consisting of armed, Muslim groups, and “anti-balaka” militias, coalitions of Christian fighters formed in response to the Séléka brutality. The primary focus of this paper will be a comparative study of the different peace initiatives taken by the United Nations and other international players thus far, in addition to analyzing the escalation of the crisis and formerly unsuccessful mandates.
Review of Literature
Liberated from the Cold...

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... (Karlsrud, 2015). Despite the UN’s involvement in peacekeeping and mediation, the concept of stabilization is actually conflicting to what the UN peacekeeping operations are intended to accomplish. In most cases, these UN missions were not given a specific mandate endowed with peace-enforcement, but rather a general mission to ‘neutralize’ the intended state, and protect the civilians using all indispensable means.
Hypothesis
The constant inhumaneness the CAR continues to endure repeatedly for decades is due to failure in which are unknown. The UN has taken several measures to restore peace and stability to the country, but primarily through the use of force paradigm. If the UN modifies its approach to the conflict with a peaceful paradigm, such as the use of law or communications, then the conflict could theoretically cease after decades of relentless violence.
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