The Causes of World War II

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The Causes of World War II

At the end of the First World War all the different countries such as

France, United-Kingdom, United-States and Germany thought that the

peace would last forever. However, as we have seen, they were terribly

wrong… In 1939 a more violent and destructive war began. This time

people fought all over the world, in Asia, Europe and also in the

United-States (Pearl-harbour). I shall now explain what the main

causes of the war were.

The aggression began at the end of the First World War, when the

Treaty of Versailles was signed and Germany was forced to pay a lot of

money to France for the reparations of the obliterated cities. Their

country (Germany) had to be divided in two parts, and they also had to

limit their army to 100,000 men. The French army occupied the

Rhineland, and the Sudetenland was also taken away from them. They

couldn't say anything at the time, as they were held responsible for

the war by the countries involved… but this increased friction between

the countries.

The Treaty of Versailles was a really important trigger because Hitler

used the revocation of this pact as one of his main points to gain

votes during the election of 1933. In 1933 Hitler became a part of the

German government. In 1936 the president of Germany asked him, under

the 'pressure of the parliament' to become the new Chancellor. Here he

seized the opportunity and asked for full power. The entire parliament

agreed, and felt that he was the man who could pull Germany out of the

economic crisis that the country was going through. When he got full

power, Hitler started to change and rebuild the German economy. His


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... 1939 Hitler was signing pacts with countries so he wouldn't fight

alone against countries that were at this time supposed to be


There are a lot of reasons for World War Two to take place.



The ending of the First World War I think carries the most important

value because Germany was treated very harshly with the treaty of

Versailles. It is fair to say that if the treaty of Versailles had not

extracted so much from the Germans, it would not have made them so

aggressive, or hungry for 'revenge'. It is like snatching a major part

of your income away… it is obvious that you will not appreciate it and

that there will be friction between you and the person who engulfed

your money! With Germany, it is a similar case, but on a larger scale,

and with much larger consequences.
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