Before World War 1, the following alliances existed: Russia and Serbia Germany and Austria-Hungary France and Russia Britain and France and Belgium Japan and Britain Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved to defend Serbia. Germany seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Germany attacked France through Belgium ... ... middle of paper ... ...in signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler, which only increased anti-Soviet hostility in the West, but delayed the onset of war between the two powers. However, while Stalin hoped Germany would get bogged down in a war with France, early Nazi conquests occurred quickly, enabling Germany to invade the Soviet Union in 1941.
Just after that, on the 26th of July, Russia promises help for Serbia and began to get ready for War. Then, finally Austria-Hungary declares War on Serbia on the 28th of July. Germany begins to get scared because Russians mobilization because they’re planed depended on Russia being slow by getting ready for war. Their plans were to attack France, by using Belgium. On the 1st of August, Germany declared War on Russia and two days later, on the 3rd of August, Germany declares War on France.
Bismarck feared that Russia might leané å‘ to France against Germany. In 1881 Bismarck convinced Czar Alexander III to conclude the ... ... middle of paper ... ... the Alliance System was likely to change a local war to a general war with its chain-effecté€£éŽ–åæ‡‰. After the Sarajevo Assassinationå¡žæ‹‰è€¶å¼—äº‹ä»¶ of June 1914, Germany supported Austria-Hungary unconditionally against both Serbia and Russia. She also declared war on France since France was Russia's ally. Yet not all the powers entered the First World War because of the Alliance System.
Serbia’s decline of the Ultimatum led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on the Serbs. Another key event in the July Crisis was Austria-Hungary sending a “blank cheque” to Germany. This cheque meant to ask if Germany would help Austria-Hungary if they went to war. Germany agreed to the “blank cheque”. As Austria-Hungary went to war against Serbia; Serbia had alliances with France, Russia, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire to join the war on their side.
Germany had developed a plan of how to be victorious against Russia and France if they should ever be at war with each other. Germany’s disrespect for other countries, and especially their disregard of a neutral country, was adequately shown in this plan. Germany declared war on Russia, and later France. Germany had to invade neutral Belgium to get to France. When Great Britain heard of the invasion of Belgium, they decided to take action against Germany.
His main evidence was the 'blank cheque' - when Germany supported Austria after they sent an ultimatum to Serbia which drew Germany into the First World War. This agreement almost guaranteed a War with Russia, which Fisher believed was hoped for. If War did not come about then Germany would at least have hoped to weaken the Entente and win a moral
The build up of armies and navies created fear between nations. France feared Germany, Germany feared Russia, Austria-Hungary and Russia rivaled around Bulkans, Britain feared German's expanding navy, Slovakia wanted to free Slavian land from Astria-Hungary's apressi on. Italy was jealous of French and English colonies in Africa. Ottoman Empire struggled to survive in a hostile climate. Germany signed a secret alliance with Austria-Hungray and Italy, thus creating a Triple Alliance.
Russia said they would defend Serbia which prompted Germany to order Russia not to help Serbia. Russia declined so Germany declared war on Russia and started to move its army towards France and Belgium. The French army was put on alert ready for a German invasion. France already disliked Germany and wanted revenge after, in 1871, France lost two of its regions (Alsace and Lorraine) to Germ... ... middle of paper ... ...wards or forwards until well into 1918 which caused even more casualties. During ww1, 20 million people had died.
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28th, 1914 is often referred to as the beginning of World War I. However, it was only a catalyst. Instead, events from the late 19th century had created tensions and conflict amongst the European powers that could only be solved through war. Imperialism- the taking over of another country territorially, militarily, economically, and culturally- in the late 1800s was a significant cause of World War I because it started Europe’s major powers on a path of conflict and rivalry. Equally significant were the alliance systems, which split Europe into two, and the nationalism which created among people and nations a desire for greater strength and for new acquisitions.
World War 1: A Tragedy of Miscalculation To some extent, the outbreak of the First World War was a tragedy of miscalculation. Austria declared war on Serbia, in the hope that it would only be a short and local war. Germany had miscalculated the risk of a two-front war. Germany’s war plan – the Schlieffen Plan, inevitably involved France, Russia, Belgium and Britain. In “The war to end all wars”, Germany also did not take into calculation the ‘Domino Effect’ of the alliances between France, Russia and Britain.