America soon became suspicious of his communist influence.The United States government decided to intervene by indirectly overthrowing the premier. With help from Britain’s Intelligence Agency, the American CIA worked with conservative Iranian leaders to push Shah Reza Pahlavi on the Iranian public. ( History.com) With the threat of Communist expansion, the CIA used their influence to plan a Coup against Mosaddeq. On August 19, 1953,(Brinkley) protests financed by the American government officially brought the Shah into power. He essentially became the absolute ruler of Iran in little time.
The ascendance of Mikhail Gorbachev to power, the stagnating economy of Russia, and the personal friendship forged between Gorbachev and Reagan were the clear factors that contributed to the war's end. Upon taking office in 1981, Ronald Reagan began to implement a simple strategy to win the war against the Soviets: he would outspend them in an arms race and force them to the negotiating table. Over the course of this erratic arms build-up the president spent a total of $2 trillion on the military alone. The most notorious of these programs was the Strategic Defense Initiative; also know as Star Wars, in which the president authorized billions to be spent to research a program that could defend America against a possible nuclear attack by blowing in an incoming nuke out of the sky. A vast majority of the scientific community thought such a program to be absurd and implausible, but Reagan pushed on.
They also overthrew foreign government, when economic interest coincided with their ideological ones (kinzer.215). These factors were the reasons behind America’s intervention in Iran, Guatemala, South Vietnam and Chile to control and protect multinational companies as well as the campaign against communism with little or no knowledge about these countries. Kinzer tells us that the Iranians celebrated their nationalism in taking control of their oil, but their success was a shock to the British multinational companies in Iran. They did not like the idea of Iran nationalization, so they plan a coup to overthrow the Prime Minister Mossadegh. But this plan failed and the British were disarmed and sent back to their country closing down their embassy in Iran.
When the right has control of it, government IS the problem, as in starting illegal wars, illegal wiretapping (Judge just ruled on that one yesterday), massive theft from the middle and lower classes in favor of the super-rich, Guys who tout Family Values having gay sex in airports, ... ... middle of paper ... ...machine disguised as a news station. That makes you a Republican. Hell, if I were a conservative, I would be mad as hell! Not at the liberals and moderates, who after all have only been pushing for the things that liberals and moderates always push for, but at the conservative "leaders" who have betrayed the very essence of conservatism. I would be angry as hell at the Glenn Becks and Rush Limbaughs of the world who cynically manipulate both their listeners and their party for monetary gain, and for fame.
There is a huge difference between an unsuccessful revolution in which the beginners of the revolution are diminished and their demands not met. But when it is look at, the Iranian Revolution is seen as successful revolution in which all the needs of fight... ... middle of paper ... ...that Western nations controlled Iranian resources and the shah, while Western culture undermined Iran and Islam from within. (January 18). Reza’s downfall was his support for the German enemies in World War II, Great Britain and the Soviet Union sent troops into Iran. They forced Reza to flee the country, in his place his 22-year-old son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi took control.
No one could clearly tell who the Islamic students symbolized or what they wished to succeed. An Islamic government ruled by Ayatollah Khomeini risen up to power and Khomeini never favored the Americans (PBS). Special oil discounts that were given to Americans from the Shah were the cause of the Iranian hostage crisis of 1979 (Iran Chamber Society). The hostages had to go through many hardships as well as Jimmy Carter, the President of the U.S at the time who was put to the test with dealing with weak foreign relations. During the Iranian hostage crisis the civil liberties of the Iranians and Americans were violated due to the Shah, poor government leaders, and how the American hostages were treated.
The 20th century consisted of many difficult and controversial foreign policy decisions. From President Jimmy Carter, elected in 1977, to President Ronald Regan elected in 1981. Carter attempted at peacemaking efforts to help bring stability to the Middle East, but faced the challenge of the Iran Hostage Crisis in 1979. He shaped his foreign policy through integrity, morality, and honest, to bring trust in the government to the American citizens as the previous president, Richard Nixon made the people lost their trust in the government. Ronald Regan supported a conservative foreign policy and greatly increased military spending, putting the United States in huge deficit.
The Iran-Contra scandal and its aftermath exposed both the executive branch’s lack of accountability to the American people and the other branches of g... ... middle of paper ... ...in the cover-up; several people shredded documents, lied under oath and obstructed justice. At least if the participants in the scandal had been effectively punished, perhaps it would have curbed some of the power held by the executive branch. But the lack of consequence sends a dangerous message: if staff members of the executive branch are able to accomplish so much behind America’s back and are not held responsible for their actions, pardoned by the president, part of the executive branch itself, then the executive branch is far more powerful than Americans realize. What the government tells us it is doing may not actually be true, and at the end of the day there is nobody to enforce the laws on the members of the executive branch. In this regard, the Iran-Contra affair exposed the true, relentless power of the executive branch – and how little we know about it.
In 1950, the Shah of Iran fled when Mossadegh was elected Prime Minister. After this election, Mossadegh nationalized Iran 's oil industry, reducing the European influence throughout the nation over the oil commodity. This sparked great fear throughout the United States; they feared the communists would turn the Iran democracy against them. After three years in exile, in 1953 the Shah was brought back to power, thus resulting in the United States and Iran become close allies once again. The United States support of the Shah and his treatment towards the Iranian people angered the people of Iran.
Although Carter was a likable man, the role of president was not the job for him. His big government spending and policies were responsible for leading our fragile country into one of the worst economic recessions ever. However, this all changes in January of 1981 when President Ronald Reagan was sworn into office and came to our country’s rescue. Reagan stepped in ready to mend the deep scars left behind by setting forth an economic plan, Reaganomics, in hopes to bail out our sinking country. Though many may say Reagan’s conservative ways had this plan favoring the upper class, this was not the case.