The Cuban Missile Crisis: Eyeball to Eyeball Eyeball to Eyeball: America, Cuba and The Soviet Union America and The Soviets again using other countries for their own warfare Excitement was high for Cuba, when Fidel Castro overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in January 1959. With a heady mixture of nationalism and left - wing ideologies US became very cautious for its southern comrades Central and Southern America and perhaps herself. When Castro took over Cuba, the US lost valuable investments in the sugar and tobacco crops of Cuba. Fearing the spread of communism into Americas' backyard the US Government imposed a strict economic blockade hoping to starve Castro into US policies. In desperation Castro turned to the soviets for balance of powers to weigh up the balance of communism ideologies.
Cuba does not mean to get involved in the Cold War.”(Beck 551) United States had a U-2 ... ... middle of paper ... ...il finally the USSR issued a deal. The deal seemed to work out more for the Soviets as they insured the safety of Cuba and got the U.S. missiles removed from Turkey. If the United States issued a deal first, like they planned to, they might’ve gotten a better deal. The USA had lots of principles/ideas but they didn’t put them into action. They had lots of ideas on how to handle the situation and on how to end it but, they never put them into practice.
The US was scared and wanted to demonstrate that they could prevent Cuba into becoming a communist country any further and so they devised a plan to overthrow Castro, which in the end failed miserably. The Bay of Pigs invasion was a plan that included Cuban exiles trained by the CIA to actively invade Cuba and attack the military to then overthrow the government. Said plan failed completely and the Cuban forces basically ate the US forces alive. After this attack, Cuba feared another attack from the US and seeked help from the Soviet Union, which leads us on to the second developing part of the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviet Union was open with Cuba and offered tho... ... middle of paper ... ... turn.
With a confirmed rule over Cuba, Castro declared the island a Communist nation. Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev made the wrong assumption by thinking that the United States would not take any action when it supplied Cuba with nuclear war heads.
This made him very bitter toward the U.S and made him close to the Soviet Union (Swift) . Then on January 1960, when President John F. Kennedy was elected, Castor thought that these threats would stop but he thought wrong. President Kennedy still attempted to destroy Castor but after many fail attempts like the Bay of Pigs and Operation Mongoose, the Kennedy administration was humiliated. Things got heated on April 1962, the Soviet Union began to station... ... middle of paper ... ...he Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.S. leaders not to invade Cuba. The following day, the Soviet leader sent a letter proposing that the USSR would dismantle its missiles in Cuba if the Americans removed their missile installations in Turkey."
It didn't work as planned and looked terrible on President Kennedy part as president. This scared Castro so he asked Russia for weapons of defense against America. When Fidel Castro came into power he overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. This caused the United states distrust and fear of Cuba and the Soviets getting closer than normal. Before Kennedy's inauguration he was briefed on the plan by the CIA to train exiles for invasion of their homeland.
With failure from the Bay of Pigs invasion still fresh in the minds of the Americans some people wanted to finish what they started and invade Cuba once more when they first had evidence of the missiles. (Thirteen Days) The Bay of Pigs was the biggest factors leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis as it caused the Soviets to supply weapons to the new communist country of Cuba. During this transfer Jupiter Intermediate-range ballistic missile was given to Cuba which would give the communists a first strike advantage against the United State, which would the United States unable to retaliate back against Russia. (Thirt... ... middle of paper ... ... missile sites and the nuclear missiles to show up at the emergency united nation meeting. (Thirteen Days) With both sides not wanting thermonuclear war secret talks commenced between the two nations.
“Fear swept over the country and the American citizens supported their president in planning action.” (Bender 330). President John F Kennedy warned the soviets “the gravest issues would arise” if they were to place nuclear weapons in Cuba. ”People all over the world feared this standoff would led to World War III and a nuclear disaster” (Littell 493). After carefully considering the alternatives of an immediate U.S. invasion of Cuba (or air strikes of the missile sites), a blockade of the island, President John F. Kennedy decided to place a naval “quarantine,” or blockade, on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of missiles. President John F Kennedy also stated that missile strike launched from Cuba would be considered as an act of war by the Soviet Union.
In 1961 the U.S. planned in invasion on Cuba, which was heavily influenced by communist dictator Fidel Castro, in hopes to stir an uprising against the dictator and to gain support for democracy. However, due to excessive media coverage of the "covert" plan, Castro was ready and responded quickly with a 20,000 man army, defeating the U.S. and forcing President John F. Kennedy (JFK) to withdraw American forces. The biggest setback of the invasion was the lack of support from the Cuban citizens. The U.S. had hoped, and quite frankly counted on, the uttermost support of Cuban rebels. When they did receive this support, their clumsy forces began to crumble as Cuban forces began to counterattack and push American forces back.
He was becoming increasingly antagonistic to the United States and the CIA believed that he was developing links with the USSR. The CIA came up with a plan to remove Castro from power and establish a pro U.S. government in Cuba (Cuba:The Bay of Pigs). The plan they came up with was the Bay of Pigs Invasion, one of the most embarrassing military failures conducted by the United States. Fidel Castro came into power in an armed revolt that overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista (The Bay of Pigs, JFK Library). The new dictator was becoming antagonistic towards the U.S. and was starting to move Cuba towards Communism.