Many people misunderstand the meaning of violence against women. Human rights for women are violated due to the sexual, verbal, and physical abuse these victims tend to encounter (Women Health Organization,2013). Most cases that are reported with this concern are typically domestic violence within a relationship with an intimate partner (Women Health Organization,2013). The abuse is commonly known to be physical and sexual in these situations. This occurs when an overpowering and controlling partner feels the need to bring harm to the other.
This is largely rooted in social factors and how communities, including families of offenders and victims, judges, legislators, and defenders, perceive or label victims and offenders. Societal misperceptions about sexual assault victims can negatively impact views on sex crimes and downplay its consequences. Thus, the culture of rape cannot properly develop ... ... middle of paper ... ...room for improvement. The second perspective that also influences the development of rape culture are myths and societal conceptions of sexual assault, rape, and victims. Kahlor and Morrison, authors of TV Rape Myth, suggest that two of the main myths are the notion that victims “asked for it”, whether by dressing a certain way or behaving flirtatiously, and that some women lie and “claim rape” after regretting consensual sex.
These studies also found the problems that can occur with the service of protection orders, misunderstanding of the criminal justice system itself, and once again, being afraid of the offender, will serve as a determining factor in a victims’ willingness to cooperate with further court proceedings. Artz (2011) further indicates the failure of victims to cooperate with the process can make problems worse, as the cycle of family violence grows worse over time. As noted above, if a victim seeks mediation, from either the police or courts, the violence can turn deadly (Artz, 2011). This is true not only for the victim, but for the family and any children involved. Because of this, women use reasoning in order to make a decision on whether or not to continue with the criminal justice process, which with the problems noted above, can be viewed as unreliable (Artz, 2011).
Victims are most likely to have body image problems that are associated with feeling dirty, ugly, not happy with their body or appearance, obesity, and eating disorder. Stress and anxiety is another long-term effect. Sexual abuse is very frightening to a child and can cause stress for a long period of time. These victims may also experience anxiety attacks, phobias, tension, and chronic anxiety. Being sexually assaulted is very traumatizing to a child and can lead to post traumatic stress disorder.
A victim of sexual harassment can be affected in their way of thinking dramatically. There are many individual affects to the mind such as, anxiety, frustration, sleeplessness, headaches, feelings of being less powerful or becoming less confident, isolation, suicidal thoughts, and depression (Sexual Harassment Support Website). Many of the victims of sexual harassment can continue to have flashbacks or see something that reminds them of the tragic incident. The victims can be scared of people walking down the street, or may not be able to watch certain television programs. It might take more than just counseling to someone get completely over the event.
Sadly following a rape, a victim may face violence or threats thereafter from the rapist. There are many reasons why men or women rape. Socioeconomic, sexual abuse as a young child, power, and anger to name a few are reasons to why peopl... ... middle of paper ... ...nd others. Be that voice that many don’t have and are afraid to come out. Help those who have suffered tremendous pain and suffering.
In fact, even though there are laws about marital rape today, the situation still exists and has long-lasting negative effects on women including physically injury, depression, intense fear, isolation, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Unfortunately, marital rape is another way in which some men attempt to gain or maintain control and power over women as well as humiliate and oppress women. As a result, marital rape is just one of the many ways women are objectified, dominated, and mistreated in our current society and the cycle will continue unless we take great measures to change the situation. Women need to report abuse when it happens no matter what the circumstances are and the legal system needs to recognize marital rape as rape without and exceptions.
This essay paper analyses some of the appropriate policy measures that the government, through congress should consider to make sure human rights are upheld. According to (Farney and Valente, 35-49), domestic violence is a major concern in the society, considering the fact that it affects the community in a detrimental way. Basically, domestic violence involves negative acts carried out on a person, which often tend to undermine and control the person. Such acts mostly involve physical violence apart from emotional abuse, with intent of manipulating one of the parties in relationships. From this, definitely, domestic violence is an issue that affects the health as well as social-economic state of individuals, and on top of all, it is a human rights issue.
Some of those side effects are physical, some are emotional and some are a chaotic combination of both. Also the victims of rape have to handle the sometimes crippling stigmas associated with being a victim of rape,including being blamed for their own assault. A rape stigma as defined in the Encyclopedia of Rape, “ is the negative perception of a rape survivor’s reputation, manifested in insinuations or
In addition to understanding this concept, in what ways does it or does it not support the inclusion of gender roles into sexual orientation based crimes? “According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), a hate crime is a violation of law “motivated by the offenders’ bias against a race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability” (FBI, 2004, p. iv)” (Stacey 3). Although this standard definition is the basis for a hate crime, the decision of whether to incorporate gender into it is highly controversial among scholars. Furthermore, the specific characteristics of sexual orientation based hate crimes are unique to their own; however, the theme of this paper focuses on the connections between not only the aspects and perceptions of sexual orientation based crimes, but also how gender roles concur with the characteristics of sexual orientation based hate crimes or hate crimes in general. Michele Stacey, from Distinctive Characteristics of Sexual Orientation Bias Crimes, conducted a research with the objective of discovering distinct aspects and patterns of hate crimes fueled by sexual orientation biases.