The following War of Independence between Britain and the IRA was eventually ended by a treaty signed in 1920. The treaty also confirmed the northern counties of Ulster as protestant land. Now, roughly speaking, the Catholics lived in the southern parts of the country and the Protestants in the northern. 1969 By the 1950s there were growing signs that some Catholics were prepared to accept equality within Northern Ireland. This, despite of the unfair treatment they had received from the Protestants during the last decades.
Ireland has always been a catholic country, but Henry 8th, Elizabeth 1 and James 1, sent Protestant settlers to Ireland, Plantation. The settlers were mainly situated in the North, where Catholic land was seized by the British, becoming protestant land, making the North a more Protestant land. During the English civil war, there wa... ... middle of paper ... ... 1922.The Violence in the late 1960s gave way for the Army going in. The violence broke out mainly because of both Catholics and Protestants not willing to forget the past, the whole feud between Irish Catholics and Protestants was based on past events. If both sides forgot the past there would have been no need to send British Troops in, or any Troubles being started.
British Government's Sending of Troops into Northern Ireland in 1969 The troubles in Ireland go as far back as 1169 when the British first went over there under the command of Henry II. Henry II got permission from the Pope to invade Ireland because he believed that Ireland was developing its own form of Roman Catholicism. Since then British people have been living in Ireland, and this has caused conflict between the British and the Irish because the Irish Catholics didn’t like living under Protestant rule. The Protestants often treated the Catholics very unfairly. One example of this is a policy called plantation.
Generally the people in Ulster remained strong to the English crown, these are called Unionists and wanted to stay part of the United Kingdom. The original Irish, almost all Catholics were called Nationalists and wanted to become independent with their own government. From the point when James II the Catholic king was defeated by William of Orange who was a Protestant in ... ... middle of paper ... ... did. The Catholics welcomed the forces into Northern Ireland as they knew they now had a force which would not only protect the Protestants. British Troops had not been asked for earlier, as the former Prime Minister O'Neill had expected the situation to resolve itself, Chichester-Clark saw the worst of the protests and found very little option but to call the British troops in to N. Ireland, at first the British troops were reluctant because they feared violence would reach Britain, but in the end they had little choice but to act.
The true causes of unrest are sometimes difficult to determine. Frequently, there are a mixture of political alliances, economic differences, ethnic feuds, religious differences and others: This paper looks at the unrest between the Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. In Northern Ireland, "the troubles" are partly rooted in Catholic/Protestant differences, partly in political allegiances, and probably partly in hatreds that go back so far that the exact reason is lost in the mists of time. Let's take a minute to look at the history of Ireland. Saint Patrick (c.389-461), the patron of Ireland, came from England to Ireland to convert the inhabitants to Christianity.
After 1500 the English took control for the first time by way of force due to the Irish being loyal to Catholicism and the English were strong protestants. The soldiers drove farmers off their land. The protestants were strongest in Northern Ireland, Ulster. The Irish made a rebellion but this was crushed at the battle of Boyne, many laws were passed to keep the Catholics quiet. Even up to 1914 the Irish were unwilling to accept English domination.
The Unionists are mostly protestant want to remain part of Britain. The Nationalists are mostly Catholic and want Ireland to govern itself, many want Ireland to be ... ... middle of paper ... ...walking through a Protestant playing field because they may fight each other. Another key problem that needs to be put out of the way in order for peace to be achieved is the past. Both sides need to stop bringing up past hurts and looking to the future without the conflict. Marches such as the Orange Order need to be phased out, as this is just aggrivating the Catholics and rubbing the past in their faces.
It was also believed that if Catholics had a greater voice in politics they would make their own laws similar to those in the Republic. This had happened before in the South when for example, divorce was banned in 1925. A source tells us how much the Catholic Church interfered. The source is that of Stanley Mawhiinney, in Darkest Ireland, European Missionary Fellowship and it states that “the Roman Catholic Church is undoubtedly the government force in Eire today..” Not all politicians felt this way, Terrence O’Neill, for examp... ... middle of paper ... ... Catholics had not been discriminated against, and treated so badly, there would not have been the Civil Rights protests, which often led to, and ended in violence. Violence was a major reason why troops were sent in.
This fueled problems in Ireland. After 1793 Britain was afraid, after loosing America, that a revolution would happen in Ireland. So the restrictions on the Irish Catholics were done away with. This however angered the protestants who formed the Orange Order, who was against the Catholics. This all came to a head when in 1798 when a small rebellion broke out.
Ireland had forgotten about its aspirations for Home Rule and was now looking for a more drastic form of Independence. The war had its origins in the formation of unilaterally created independent Irish parliament, called Dáil Éireann, formed by the majority of MPs elected in Irish constituencies in the Irish (UK) general election, 1918. This parliament, known as the First Dáil, and its ministry, called the Aireacht declared Irish independence. The Dáil knew that ‘England’s difficulty (was) Ireland’s opportunity’ and ceized the day. After the failed rebelion of 1916 public sympathies slowly but surely swung to the millitant IRA (and Sinn Fein).