In the last couple of years there has been a steady increase in the amount of ... ... middle of paper ... ...productivity. Genetically modified crops decrease the growth time which then allows the crops go to the market sooner. The increase of total yield and stress tolerance allows the farmers to grow crops in previously hostile places. This has come to be more essential as less farm land is available for increasing the population needs. The genetically modified organisms help increase the resistance to crop diseases.
Genetically modified foods benefit not only the farmers and ranchers, but the entire population. By modifying the crops, it gives them genes that make them resistant to damaging weeds, yield killing pests, and other diseases that can wipe out a farmer’s field completely. Pests and weeds can become resistant to some of the traits that are put into the crops. A new trait is always under development for seeds because of the resistance. By developing new traits it reduces they reduce the amount of herbicides and pesticides used by farmers.
Opponents of cloning believe that the procedure of cloning has not been proven safe at all, while those who support cloning believe the cloning of humans could be used to solve human diseases and infertility. However, both sides may agree that human cloning may help in our new era. Human cloning has been successful and has had failure at times as well. The proponents of human cloning could be broken down into two arguments. The first argument being the way cloning can help by using certain technology to make sure the infertility rate goes down by helping to produce a genetic offspring.
In the case of wheat, this can be done by inserting the gene of a bacterium into it so that the crop will be insect-tolerant and produce its own insecticide. Today, millions of people in the United States often eat and drink food which is genetically engineered. Many of them are fearful of this new science and are calling this new type of food as genetically transformed “Frankenstein food”. The argument comes when a significant number of opponents around the United States take a stance against genetically engineered food due to the weak restrictions of government, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) which do prove safety data for these products. However, genetically modified food is not harmful and can bring huge potential that simply is impossible to ignore.
Hybrid crops are plants whom breed with other plants producing a better offspring, for the consumtion of the consumer. Genetically Modified Foods are plants that have had their DNA tampered or mixed with another gene or chemical, producing a brand new strand of DNA. It is believed that when mixing the DNA and genes in Genetically Modified Foods is that, it will create a better nutritious long lasting fruit or plant for the consumer. Producing new strands of DNA can be deadly, as it can produce wild outcomes that may not be able to be controlled. What the unknown is that, the consequences maybe deadly to the consumer, it is unknown how the human body can react the tampered food.
In somatic cells, added genes alter the genetic makeup of the body while in germ cells, alteration is to the reproductive cells. Genetic modifications have been widely exercised in plants. However, the exercise is limited in humans due to ethical issues. With genetic modification, the evolution of new beings that are stronger and disease-free can be enhanced. However, one concern surrounding the practice is that it would upset the balance of life.
Genetically modified foods also share certain toxic effects on the liver, pancreas, kidneys, and reproductive system that may cause cancer in these organs. The widespread use of recombinant hormones-a genetically modified substance- in the agriculture industry is associated in IGF-1, a growth hormone that, in excess can lead to cancer. GMO foods have many allergy risks to people. Genetic modification often mixes or adds proteins that aren’t native to the original plant or animal, causing new allergic reactions in the body. Modifying plants genetically forms viruses, bacteria, and othe... ... middle of paper ... ... indoors and the gardener controls the season.
Conventional pesticides do not work as well due to various things, such as the insects becoming immune to the conventional pesticide or finding ways inside the plant around the pesticide. By controlling the crop -eating insects with the protein (Bt) more crops can be produced and sold to the population. Studies have been shown that state BT being safe for humans, even doses several thousand times stronger than the ones currently being used. Bt also makes crops resistant to herbicides. By using herbicide resistant crops, soil erosion will decrease and land and production will become more efficient.
GMOs can also supply more nutrients and help fight world malnutrition making it better for Americans to eat, by making it healthier. “Seeds are genetically changed for multiple reasons, which include improving resistance to insects and generating healthier crops. This can lower risk of crop failure, and make crops better resistant to extreme weather.” (Mandel). The cons are, since many GMOs are modified using bacteria and viruses, there is a fear that new diseases will be created. Many people wonder if GMOs are safe, but since it is a relatively new development, long term effects are limited.
Specific properties such as disease resistance, stress tolerance, and nutritional qualities are advantageous to the farmer because more time is spent on cultivation rather than outside interferences. However, crossbreeding results in mass amounts of genes transferring to the plant recipient, only a few of which are desired. Thus, only sexually compatible species of the crop can be used to breed (Horsch 1993). Farmers using crossbreeding and hybridizing methods are able to attain improved products, but could cause great damage to the genome in the transfer of unknown, undesired genes (Geweke... ... middle of paper ... ... Benefits. (2000, November 27).