In the next year Stalin, in a memorandum to aides, wrote about opening a second front in Europe. After Churchill declared the organization of another front impossible and the US supported him, Stalin expressed his intent to do so and said Churchill’s stance was a “moral blow” to the Soviet Union (Document B). After the war, The US and the Soviet Union developed into enemies as the common ground disappeared and the US criticized the Soviet Union’s policies. In Our Russian Ally (1945), Vera Micheles Dean discusses the differences between the two countries with opposite governmental ideals. She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H).
The two countries had completely opposite ideas of how to run and manage a country, which in return created chaos and was the core cause of the Cold War. The necessity of power was ... ... middle of paper ... ...their actions. The Soviet Union tried to spread Communism across the world and the United States intervened and created the Truman Doctrine where they stated that they would contain communism form spreading any further. The United States was trying to protect other countries from communist control. After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia.
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Many of the historians perspectives about the causes of the Cold War varies to a certain extent. The Orthodox view generally holds that the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War. It states that the Soviets were inevitably expansionist , due to their suspicion of the West. Thus, Stalin violated the Yalta and Potsdam agreements, occupied and imposed Soviet control in Eastern Europe and decides to ¨plot¨ the spread of Communism throughout the world with Moscow as its centre. The Revisionist view had an alternative perspective about the Cold War.
Stalin had wanted to "cripple" Germany's economy, to protect the USSR from future th... ... middle of paper ... ... them, as they were trying to 'Contain" Communism. Many Russian Historians blamed the Cold war on Winston Churchill and President Truman. They believed that Truman and Churchill wanted to "Destroy" the U.S.S.R, which was just protecting itself from attack. In turn, many weatern writers blamed the Soviets for the Cold War, and said that Stalin was "Trying to build up the Soviet empire". As time went on, many western historians began to blame the USA for the Cold War.
The United States saw communism as a threat to their capitalist system. The United States wanted to stop the threat of communism in the world. During the entirety of the Cold War, one can argue that the events that unraveled as a circle effect becaus... ... middle of paper ... ...l goal.” Both parties were wrong in coming to conclusion and misperceiving events rather than sitting face to face and coming up with a solution. During the Cold War, there was misperception and perception between the Soviet Union as well as the United States. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism and take control of the world; the United States wanted to prevent that.
As a result of the atomic bomb, the Soviets engaged themselves in a nuclear arms race with the Americans, thereby contributing to the cause of the Cold War. With both the Soviets and the Americans in fear, the sides attempted to create stronger, more powerful bombs that they could use to shock one another. All in all, as the Cold War raged on and tensions boiled, the nuclear arms race intensified and the fear of a thermonuclear war was at a peak high. Fortuitously, the tensions between the Soviets and Americans cooled and the Cold War froze, becoming a part of history rather than exploding into a hot war that may have ended life on planet Earth itself.
However, both world leaders Truman and Stalin, were eager to exert themselves as a world power and both had imperialist intentions for economic security. Because of the threat of nuclear power neither side wanted to physically go to war but simply wished to disregard the other. Churchill states that, “I do not believe that Soviet Russia desires war. What they desire is the fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines” (Churchill, W. “Iron Curtain Speech.” Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri. 5 March 1946).
Russia V.S. United States The most visible part of the cold war was the arms race. Massive and expensive militarization movements, especially nuclear weaponry on the part of both nations involved caused a new psychology to develop. The theory of total destruction of the other country was based on three ideas. One: both nations have enough weapons do destroy the other, two: both nations can detect a first strike before it arrives, and three: both nations are able to respond adequately before they are hit by the first strike.
This created a setback for America as they were no longer the sole owner of a functioning nuclear weapon. This began the war against the communists and the capitalists, as demonstrated by the Korean War in 1950 and the Vietnam War in 1954. During these wars, communism was battled by fighting with efforts to contain the advancement of the Soviet’s efforts. The wars shaped U.S. foreign policy because they were able to determine which alliances could benefit America and help them to remain the strongest superpower in the world. To conclude, the Red Scare changed the American society abroad and at home by getting involved in the elimination of Soviet communist transmission to the world.