“Was Truman Responsible for the Cold War”, well, according to author Arnold A. Offner, his simplistic answer is an obvious “yes.” “Taking Sides” is a controversial aspect of the author’s interpretation for justifying his position and perception of “Truman’s” actions. This political approach is situated around the “Cold War” era in which the author scrutinizes, delineates, and ridicules his opponents by claiming “I have an ace in the hole and one showing” (SoRelle 313). Both authors provide the readers with intuitive perceptions for their argumentative approaches in justifying whether or not “Truman” contributed to the onset of the “Cold War.” Thus far, it would be hard-pressed to blame one single individual, President or not, for the “Cold War” initiation/s. Information presented show the implications centered on the issues leading up to the Cold War”, presents different ideologies of two Presidents involving policy making, and a national relationship strained by uncooperative governments. However, evidence that is presented may indicate otherwise as Joseph Stalin provides adequate counter claims for discrediting the “simplicity” of “yes”.
The origination of the Cold War cannot be attributed to any specific event in history, instead it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second World War. Yet many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalin's policy of Soviet expansion. It is necessary, therefore, to examine the role of Stalin (insert pic 1) as a catalyst to the Cold War.
"Teheran Conference." Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction. Ed. John Merriman and Jay Winter. Vol. 5. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. 2505-2507. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.
characterized international relations and dominated the foreign policies of Europe. It affected all of Europe and determined lasting alliances. The Cold War was caused by the social climate and tension in Europe at the end of World War II and by the increasing power struggles between the Soviet Union. Economic separation between the Soviets and the west also heightened tensions, along with the threat of nuclear war.
In this essay I would like to highlight my understanding for the causes of the cold war. In fact, "the cold war" called in that name because of the struggle which is followed the World War II between superpowers: US & USSR. Both of sides work hard to widen their potency and narrowed the conflict, but it found overlap in it, which raise the stress and the struggle. The struggle lengthened from the end of the of second world war, middle of 1940s to the end of 1980s in 20th century, and the result was USSR collapsed in 1991, end of the cold war. The aim of this essay is to draw the attention to the people who don't aware that the fundamental cause of the cold war was a clash of ideologies between the superpowers, because of increased the radices of ideologies of this war and many historians negotiate for the causes. First of all, I started with the structure of the cold war (the origins of the cold war). During this section I argued that why the conflict started?, and who was the inciter? to be the introduction of the causes. Secondly, I would be deeper to prove the cause, so I would argue about some schools of thought, the orthodox or traditionalist thinkers who blamed the Soviet for the confrontation and give some historians views to prove this school. Thirdly, another school declared (revisionist people) who thought that the cause was US because of the Soviet looses which the Soviet suffered during the war. In addition, I analyzed some historian's suggestions for Truman. Forth point and final school (post-revisionist people) and they thought that both of sides played part in the escalation of the conflict. Finally, I would give my typical answer for the question and prove my ideas which I reached to the actual cause of the cold wa...
van Hoesel, Frans. "The Soviet Union and the United States." Soviet Archives Online Exhibit. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. .
A process that gradually occurred in the late 1940s led to the division of Europe in two camps: the Western part linked to the United States and the Eastern part linked to the Soviet Union. The main goals for all the three major allies – Soviet Union, United States, and Britain – were to influence the arrangements after the World War in a way that would guarantee their national security. The so-called tripartite conferences in 1945, which existed of the Yalta Conference in February and the Potsdam Conference in July-August, reflected the different perspectives of the three major allies on how to reorganize post-war Europe (Messenger, 2010, p.33). Since both the United States and the Soviet Union interpreted the agreements of the Tripartite Conferences in their own way, the threat perception linked to their own national security was changing. Disagreement over the reorganization of domestic and international order in Europe, as well as conflicting ideologies changed threat perception. Part of the so-called ‘security-dilemma’ was the German Problem, which was the problem of managing Germany’s political and economical recovery after the Second World War (Gillingham, 2010, p.55). Messenger in (Dinan, 2010, p. 32), argues that the idea of national security was most significant factor in the break-up of the Wartime Alliance and the emergence of the Cold War conflict. In his speech in March 1946, Churchill attacked his former wartime-ally by stressing his concerns and anxiety towards the Soviet Un...
Crockatt, Richard. The fifty years war : the United States and the Soviet Union in world politics, 1941-1991. London; New York; Routledge, 1995.
and its allies and the group of nations led by the Soviet Union. Direct military
The Cold War was caused by the worries about Soviet aims and accomplishments in Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union progressively fought for power against the United States. Pressures were discriminating for the Soviets and the West regarding financial departure as well as the danger of nuclear-powered war. Stalin didn’t keep the promises he had made with the Western Allies about holding free elections after the war in countries occupied by the Soviet Army (Shubert, & Goldstein, 2012).
Gaddis makes a well-grounded point in declaring the inaccuracies and speculation of writers like Williams that wrote before the war was even over and without the correct resources from all archives.6 So it is imperative that any historian approaching the question of who instigated the Cold War, due to long debate, with an array of different material. Leffler also identifies that we need to correctly look at all available resources and comes to the conclusion that Stalin as a person and his ideology seems to come to light more, which can greatly affect how we look at the foreign policy of the Russians and how they reacted to the actions of the American government.7 Looking at the reaction of Stalin, Gaddis comes to the conclusion that Stalin is an instigator in the Soviet- American relationship, as he attempts to instill his Communist ideology across Europe and we can see this in his relationship with the Koreans.8 This relationship is supposedly the cause of the Korean War, in which North Korea made the decision to invade the South and at the time the relationship held with the Russians led many to believe that Stalin encouraged the invasion to start the end to Capitalist rule.9 Alternatively with the same archives Leffler still comes to a conflicting conclusion.
...ge Anglo-Soviet relations and conceded much of Eastern Europe. However, it was beneficial to the British and the Americans to sacrifice the region because they needed evidence to define the Soviet Union and communism as the enemy. Soviet-backed communist expansion was not inevitable, but it was greatly aided by international factors and Eastern European domestic factors.
Stalin was a Russian dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Though he grew up poor with an abusive father, under his direction, Russia was transformed from impoverished to a global superpower. He is well known for ruling with fear and violence, having killed millions of his citizens during his reign, but few people realize his great contributions during World War II. Joseph Stalin’s ignorant commands causing thousands of soldiers of the Red Army to be defeated during Operation Barbarossa, his act of signing the Nazi-Soviet Pact thus allowing the beginning of World War Two, and his series of counter-attacks at Stalingrad and Kursk in 1941, diminishing the power of German army forces, make Stalin a defining