Martin Luther and the Break With Rome Martin Luther began as a simple Augustinian Friar in the Roman Catholic Church, the reigning power of Western Europe for hundreds of years, and he soon became the leader of the most important stand against the Catholic Church. I call Luther’s actions a stand rather than a revolt because he did not willingly mean to disrespect the entire church or even start a new denomination of Christianity, he was only trying to bring truth to it. Luther published writings such as The Ninety-five Theses, Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation and A Treatise on Christian Liberty, all which produced outrage in the Church for the fact that it blatantly accused the clerics, and especially the pope, of many wrong doings in their practice. Luther belonged to a church in Wittenburg, Germany and here he was a scholar as well as a priest. He, like many others, came to notice the corruption in the Church.
Explaining atheism: Testing the secondary compensator model and proposing an alternative. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 6 Retrieved from http://origin-search.proquest.com/docview/1346933306?accountid=34899 Hill, H. (2003). American catholicism? : John england and "the republic in danger". The Catholic Historical Review, 89(2), 240-257.
The popes had become skittish about calling ecumenical councils because of the heresy of Conciliarism. The weakness that the Avignon Papacy and the Western Schism caused the Papacy led to Conciliarism. Conciliarism held the idea that a general council was greater and than that of the Pope. In fact, a council had no authority in Church matters unless called and approved by the residing Pope. Hence, by the time the Fifth Lateran Council closed in 1517, it had failed to reform the abuses that were going on in the Church.
After the Clunic reform, there was a widespread movement to reform the church that was lead by reforming popes. Pope Gregory VII was a reforming pope that wanted to eliminate all lay investiture in the church. He wanted the appointments to the church to be made entirely by the church without input from the monarchs. This created a major conflict with King Henry IV of Germany because they monarchy had been appointing church leaders as a way of protecting their political interests. King Henry believed that this would empower the church over the monarchy and disputed this.
Several principles of reasoning incited Martin Luther and his followers to surpass the credence that salvation was only feasible from the pope and instead adopt the radical idea that it was achievable without the pope. The sources delve into the motives as to why Martin Luther detested the Catholic church; the Reformation began because there was an intense split in Catholic society. Protestantism had less importance on the physical presence of a figurehead and less supremacy from the preacher, thus distinct from the pope during the 16th century. With the increase in Protestantism, the Catholic Church shifted and began to weaken. One must deliberate the opinions of Marin Luther to comprehend his reasoning for revolutionizing the doctrine of Catholicism.
Out of this conflict came a document known as the Four Gallican Articles, which reaffirmed the throne's supremacy over the pope, even in doctrinal matters. At one time relations between Paris and Rome were so strained that it seemed as though the French church might break away completely from the church in Rome. Louis, however, made some concessions to Rome in order to gain the support of the Roman Catholic church against hostile Protestant forces. Louis persecuted two religious groups in particular. The first of these groups was the Jansenists, a faction of the Catholic church that believed in the doctrine of predestination.
He began to feel that the existence of a minority undermined his political authority and he wanted to eradicate any such doubts. Martin Luther wanted to see reform in the Roman Catholic Church; he wanted the religion to be for everyone and wanted people to follow the word of God and his scriptures, not the church. Such reformation would eventually bring about a new religion and a huge shift away from the Roman Catholic Church. However, there was a big difference in how Louis and Luther addressed what they believed to be the “evils” plaguing their land. According to King Louis, the Protestants were the evil that plagued his land and they were given the power... ... middle of paper ... ...uther’s reforms eventually led Germany to adopt Lutheranism and gave birth to many different sects of Christianity different to that of the Roman Catholic Church.
Pressures had steadily been building within Europe to dismantle the hierarchical and anti-individualistic structure of the Roman Catholic Church prior to the Reformation. The church would routinely quell dissent, labeling individuals that disagreed with church doctrine as “heretics,” which resulted in punishments ranging from symbolic death (expulsion from the church) to literal death (public burnings). As a religious institution, it had established itself as the sole interpreter of the Bible and the only legitimate source and distributor of divine authority. The advent of the printing press effectively decentralized religious power, at least for those who were literate. Martin Luther and his 95 theses would personify this growing tension between the church and society.
The Protestant Reformation began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church, carried by the Western European Catholic who opposed what was perceived as a false doctrine and ecclesiastic malpractice. The reformers saw evidence of the systemic corruption of the Church’s Roman hierarchy, which included the Pope (Noll 2000). Martin Luther along with John Wycliffe and Jan Hus attempted to reform the Roman Catholic Church. The Protes... ... middle of paper ... ... Anabaptists urged separation of church and society and rejected the Christendom system, where the church and state were intertwined. The English Puritans passed on to us a heritage of pastoral theology of the English speaking church.
Harper: New York, 1952. “Science and the Church.” New Advend Catholic Encyclopedia. 4 Nov. 2000 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13598b.htm>. Shields, Currin. Democracy and Catholicism in America.