According to Klansmen, who attended the unit's weekly meeting, Hays had preached that Wednesday saying, “If a black man can get away with killing a white man, we ought to be able to get away with killing a black man”(Kornbluth). A young black male, Michael Donald, was abducted in downtown Mobile, Alabama and taken somewhere across the bay. Two Ku Klux Klan members, Francis Hays and James “Tiger” Knowles, were arrested and charged with the murder. A third individual, Benjamin Cox, was also charged as an accomplice. The three were sent to trial and one was executed, Hayes, and the other two are serving time in prison.
Mississippi Burning On the night of January 21, 1964, three civil rights activists James Chaney, Mickey Schwerner and Andrew Goodman were killed by close range gunshots. The culprits of those murders were members of the Ku Klux Klan in Philadelphia, Mississippi. The murder of the three civil rights workers sparked a nationwide outrage and a huge federal investigation, the FBI referred to the investigation as the Mississippi Burning. 44 days into the investigation the bodies were found in a dam close to the murder site. There were eighteen people charged, but only seven were convicted.
And now for your State news….. An Urbandale man whose girlfriend called police after she recognized his face in a surveillance photograph was sentenced Friday to 20 years in federal prison for seven bank robberies. Richard Matzke, 58, was arrested in March 2002 as a suspect in more than 24 bank robberies in several states. He was convicted of seven Nebraska heists and was sentenced Friday in Omaha. Several robbery witnesses described a man who roughly fit Matzke's physical description, but none provided authorities with the license number of a getaway car. Matzke's arrest last year came after his fiancée tipped off police.
Marching for Freedom On a grey Sunday morning in March of 1965, Alabama State Troopers at the orders of Governor George Wallace advanced on a group of African-Americans leading a march across the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama. Using bull-whips, Billy clubs and tear gas, the armed troopers made short work of the defenseless protestors, injuring 57 of them while enforcing the strict segregation of the South. The march which was supposed to start in Selma and end at the state capitol in Montgomery was organized by voting rights leaders after a civil rights activist, Jimmie Lee Jackson, had been killed during a protest. Those who organized the march included chairman of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) John Lewis and Hosea William, an assistant to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Voting rights campaign led by the SNCC had targeted Selma because it had one of the lowest ratios of African-American voters to white voters. Out of an eligible 15,000 Selmans, only 200 were registered to vote.
Lawrence Rainey, Neshoba County Sheriff, and his deputy, Cecil Price, were both members of the KKK. They initiated Plan 4 to do away with Michael Schwerner on Memorial Day and any other activists, so along with thirty men armed with shotguns they showed up to Mount Zion Church to kill him. They were unsuccessful as they did ... ... middle of paper ... ...ineteen men were arrested for “conspiring to deprive Schwerner, Chaney, and Goodman of their civil rights under color of state law” (www.core-online.org). A jury of seven white men and five white women, ranging in ages from 34 to 67were selected as jurors. One man during jury selection even said he was a former member of the KKK, and was allowed as a juror.
The very next day, he robbed another bank in Mason City, Iowa, killing one employee and leaving with $52,000. On April 22,dozens of FBI agents surrounded the Little Bohemia lodge in Northern Wisconsin, where Nelson and his gang were staying. Each of the gang members escaped except for “Baby Face” Nelson, who stayed to shoot it out with the agents. The FBI, in trying to shoot Nelson, accidentally killed 1 innocent bystander and injured 2 others.
African americans responded by holding a bus boycott that lasted for over a year. 1957-(Southern Christian Leadership Conference is founded) The sclc was founded after the montgomery bus boycott on december 5, 1955. 1957-(Crisis at Central High School And The Little Rock Nine) The little rock nine were the nine black students that were responsible for the desegregation of central high school. As the students walked up to the school they were turned away by the National Guard who were called by the governor Faubus. 1960-Greensboro Sit-ins-1960 Meanwhile in Greensboro North Carolina four african-american college students held a sit-in at segregated diner.
Her siblings find Tonya later that day, barely alive, her father, Carl Lee Hailey., and the black community are outraged. Tonya’s missing shoe is found in the back of the yellow pick up truck and both men are arrested for rape and attempted murder. Carl Lee confronts his lawyer, Jake Brigance , about similar cases where the white criminals were let off or given light sentences for similar charges, which enrages Carl Lee further. Carl Lee asks if Jake will stand by him in a jam, Jake promises he will. The next morning Carl Lee shoots the two men on the way to their arraignment, both men die and a cop is shot and loses his leg.
The Lima police found a document on John which seemed to be a plan for a prison break, but he denied everything. Four days later, using the same plans, eight of Dillinger's friends escaped from the Indiana State Prison, using shotguns and rifles which had been smuggled into their cells. During their escape, they killed two guards. On October 12, three of the escaped prisoners and a parolee from the same prison showed up at the Lima jail where Dillinger was. They told the sheriff that they had come to return Dillinger to the Indiana State Prison for violation of his parole.
The awakenings of 1954 to 1956 lead to several events happen in the black community. In August 28, 1955, the awakening resulted as the murder of the 14-yea-old Emmett Till, who was visiting his relative in Mississippi, was brutally murdered and his body thrown in Tallahatchie River found after three days of search by a fisherman. Emmett Till broke the unwritten law of the Jim Crow south. Till mother decide to let the world see what happened to her son through open casket funeral. Many people worldwide saw the brutality the boy suffered.