The Cardiovascular System And Immune Systems And How Rheumatic Heart Disease

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Environment, dietary and lifestyle factors play a big role in how rheumatic heart disease is spread. Most developing countries have a higher percentage of people how suffer from rheumatic heart disease because the poor state of the environment they inhabit. Dietary factors can play a role only due to insanitary condition in which food is made not due to the amount of food eaten due the fact that RHD is caused by a bacteria. Lifestyle factors contribute to rheumatic heart disease because most people do not tend to or treat minor cuts they might have had. This article will be about the communication between the cardiovascular system and immune systems and how rheumatic heart disease affects the two. The heart is very sensitive to the disruptive forces of disease and imbalances. The heart made of smooth connective tissue consists of four chambers: right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle direction of heart flow, respectively. The two Atria are the receiving chambers and the two ventricles are the discharging chambers. This helps the heart transport RBCs and WBCs throughout the body. Homeostatic imbalances consist of defects in the intrinsic conduction system may result in arrhythmias. Irregular heart rhythms caused by uncoordinated atrial and ventricular contractions. Fibrillations are caused by rapid, irregular contractions and may be useless for pumping blood. A defective in the SA node may result in ectopic focus causes abnormal pacemaker takes over. If the AV node takes over the junctional rhythm the heart will run at a pace of 40 to 60 beats per minute. If a defective AV node occurs, it may result in partial or total heart block and few or no impulses from the SA node reach the ventricles. A str... ... middle of paper ... ...rting enzyme inhibitor are some treatment used to treat RHD. Antibiotics according to Carapetis (2006), Diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Australia, such as penicillin; studies based on a controlled group showed that treating acute rheumatic fever with large doses of penicillin affects the outcome of rheumatic valvular lesions 1 year later. Despite this, most authorities recommend a course of penicillin, even if throat cultures are negative, to ensure eradication of streptococci that may persist in the upper respiratory tract. According to Pediatric Rheumatic Heart Disease Treatment & Management, Doctors recommend a diet that contains vast amounts of nutritious and usually no restrictions except in the patient with congestive heart failure. And, is recommended patients with RDH should, restrict fluid and sodium intake.

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