But most prominently, it portrays the evident social disparity between the upper-class and the lower-class. The aforementioned 'upper-class' refers to the bourgeoisie. "When modern industry was formed in the world market, the fast spreading industry helped the bourgeoisie to develop. According to Marx, the bourgeoisie is the result of a long way development, it was the product of the revolutions in the aspect of product and exchange"7 The entire relationship between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat is based on oppression. One cannot exist without the other, and the role of the bourgeoisie reaches it's crux when it is pushing the 'lower class' further down the hierarchy.
This documentary “Masters of Money” mainly emphasizes on Karl Marx’s theory which was on capitalism. He stated that capitalism would lead to a global economic crisis. He believed that the society was divided into two classes: the owner class and the worker class. The owner class , in order to ensure that higher levels of profit is made , exploits the worker class since an industrial reserve army of unemployed is present. However, the business gets itself into trouble because the workers who are paid badly are unable to spend on the consumer products which gradually force the business to cease trade and thus causing a crisis.
Marx’s Alienation of Labour There is deep substance and many common themes that arose throughout Marx’s career as a philosopher and political thinker. A common expressed notion throughout his and Fredrick Engels work consists of contempt for the industrial capitalist society that was growing around him during the industrial revolution. Capitalism according to Marx is a “social system with inherent exploitation and injustice”. (Pappenheim, p. 81) It is a social system, which intrinsically hinders all of its participants and specifically debilitates the working class. Though some within the capitalist system may benefit with greater monetary gain and general acquisition of wealth, the structure of the system is bound to alienate all its participants.
Also Engels and Marx argued about the exploitation of working class and the interests of the capitalists that affect proletarian. The alienation of man is another reason for Marx to be against capitalism that make human beings denied their true nature. Since old times there was the division of classes, where Marx and Engels opposed to it, because in capitalist societies lead to unequal division of income and welfare. In modern capitalist societies, the critiques of Marx still seems to be relevant, as there is the division of classes and the unequal share and welfare exist until now most seen in countries such as Britain or United States. Marx view in the capitalist society is that capitalism is an economic system where production is done on by employees working with several means of production which belong to their employer.
Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the source of class differences. History is described in The Communist Manifesto as a series of conflicts between oppressing classes and oppressed classes. According to this view of history, massive changes occur in a society when new technological capabilities allow a portion of the oppressed class to destroy the power of the oppressing class. Marx briefly traces the development of this through different periods, mentioning some of the various oppressed and oppressing classes, but points out that in earlier societies there were many gradations of social classes. He also states that this class conflict sometimes leads to "...the common ruin of the contending classes" (Marx 9).
In fact, there are many substantial problems that occur in this novel but the most prevalent dilemmas are socialism, wage slavery, and the barrenness of the American Dream. Despite these dilemmas, I believe the author wants his readers to focus on his themes and see the disheartening truth of America’s corrupted past. Socialism is an essential theme in this novel that puts a lot of emphasis on its meaning. Socialism is a political and economic theory that supports ownership of production, distribution, and exchange by the community as a whole. Throughout the novel Jurgis’s immigrant family is slowly torn apart due to the bias economic and social system that America has.
Of all political philosophies conceived, Communism has had some of the most controversial events in human history come as an effect of this belief. Originally conceived by Karl Marx, nineteenth century political analyst who originally brought the ideas of communism into fruition. At the core of our human nature, Marx believed that we strive to create, and therefore enjoy labor if they find meaning in their jobs. However, Marx found that in our current capitalist system, there are few meaningful jobs, especially jobs for the lower classes. Also, Marx observed that there is a great divide in the lifestyles of the upper class and the lower class, which leads oppression from the upper class directed to the lower classes.Therefore, Marx felt that our current capitalist system would surely fail and make way for a communist revolution.
In the end revolution was the inevitable result by the endless exploitation of the workers by the capitalists. Karl Marks was talking about his time in age, but we are starting to see some of these ideas come to light in our own era. An example is “Occupy Wall Street” which is a protest against social and economic inequality. This protest highlights the high unemployment, greed, corruption, and the undue influence of corporations that mainly deal with financial services, and their ties with the government. The wor... ... middle of paper ... ...s time, and his works were used in the building of Communist countries, his visions of needing a balance of Socialism and Capitalism with the removal of religion from government were brilliant.
According to the “ Introduction of sociology” in 1848 Marx and Friedrich Engels created the “Communist Manifesto”. This piece of literature is important in that it is one of the most influential political manuscripts in history. “Communist Manifesto” also disagreed with Comote theory of society, thus creating the concept of antipositivism. Marx believed that society 's growth came from hardships of other social classes over the means of production. At the time Marx was developing his theory, he was politically influenced, the industrial revolution and the rise of capitalism were growing in nations.
Marx and Engels responded to the pleas of the exploited working class with the publishing of the Communist Manifesto. It spoke of the booming urban population, the boundless metropolitan poverty, and the outrageous social inequalities. The manifesto was simply a reaction to the class struggle between the rich and the poor, the Have’s and the Have-Not’s. It was a call to action to end the exploitation of the proletariat, to overthrow the capitalists and create a perfect communist society. The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century gave the societies of European states a new appearance by bringing about rapid transformation in both the workplace and the household.