No news has been invading the media as much as the Libyan revolution has, and that is saying a lot since there is chaos in quite a few countries and the natural disasters in Japan. What started out as a simple “demonstration against poor housing conditions” has turned into civil war. The commotion pits long-standing ruler Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and his loyalists against the opposition forces, who, up until the coalition forces’ intervention approval on 17 March, were solely Libyans. The intervention came at severe disagreement between nations and people within each nation. France was the first to recognize the “Transitional National Council,” the opposition, as the “legitimate government of Libya.” What followed was a series of meetings and debates, escalating to a NATO-forced no-fly zone and, later, a no-drive zone.
The next step in the process is to examine whether the government is corrupt and if it has the legitimacy of the people. The Libyan originally backed the rule of Qaddafi and supported his actions. The government was corrupt based on the fact that certain families and people retained most of the power. They also censored the media to control what the public knew about the government was doing to its people who even thought about change. Anyone who came to challenge his authority was not just assassinated but the executions were made public and repeated on national television.
“Democracy can only exist with the presence of the people and not in the presence of representatives of the people. Muammar el-Qaddafi, the “Mad dog of the Middle East,” said that quote. Baba Suleiman, Moosa, and many others were fighting for democracy. However, according to Gaddafi that was the type of Government Libya was already under. All the revolutionary men fighting with Baba were all for democracy so why would they be leading a revolution while their leader had the same ideas as them?
When Bashar al-Assad took power, he promised reforms and even allowed for criticism, this time of reform is known as the Damascus Spring, but quickly resorted to his father’s dictatorship ways(Cornish). The al-Assad family belong to the minority group of alawites, which is similar to “ an untouchable becoming maharajah in India or a Jew becoming tsar in Russia”(Belisle). Hafez al-Assad kept his control of Syria for so long by influencing the divisions in Syrian society to keep anyone else from gaining enough power to challenge his rule(Fisher). The other party involved is the Free Syrian Army. The FSA, led by Col Riad al-Asaad, was formed in August 2011 and is made up of defected Syrian army members with the goal to take down the al-Assad regime(Fisher).
I totally agree with Hussain Abdulrazzaq Kreiba, and consider the civil war to be a horrible torture, which was necessary to get rid of the cruel regime in Libya. The revolution was caused directly by the improper treatment of people by Muammar Gaddafi, people’s will to change their country, the impact of the human rights being pressed in Libya, and indirectly because of the fact that their country was in a deep economical crisis, despite of their large reserves of oil and natural gas. The major, direct and the most important reason of the Libyan revolution was the improper treatment of people by Muammar Gaddafi. “Most nations were once sympathetic with the Libyan revolution with the international media focusing on the crisis in Libya. Regional and international organizations also ... ... middle of paper ... ...urse, now the country will need a lot of time to reach the normal level of economy, and to eliminate the consequences of revolution, but the main step was made and the country is free nowadays.
In the case of Libya, where the uprising was successful, the protestors were able to dethrone their political leader, Muammar Gaddafi, and eliminate the existing authoritarian system. And at this case, the authority was left to militants to administer the society (Libya: Year after uprising, militants in control, 2012). This raises an interesting question for the people of Libya on what sort of society do they wish to build in place of the one they overthrew, and at what pace. This paper will focus on the Arab Spring movement most specifically on Libya and to what extent does Libyan society should protect individual rights to free expression and action, especially given its current political situation. To do this, a brief discussion about Libyan uprising put forth by Thomas Hobbes and Polybius and the concept of freedom of expression and action from the perspectives of Aristotle and Cicero will be discussed.
Often time, revolution is caused due to political suppressions, poverty and high unemployment rates, for example, the Tunisian revolution. It was an uprising movement to put an end to the corrupted regime of longtime president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali The Tunisian Revolution sparked a domino effect among the Arab countries and encouraging nations like Libya and Egypt to revolt against their corrupt regime.Tunisia is a small country in Africa where the government uses its power to do anything for their own good. It is country where the government officials use the public goods for their own benefits and democracy has never been a part it. Since its independence from France in 1956, Tunisia has been constitutionally a Republic; the president is the head of the government and the court system is influenced by the French Civi... ... middle of paper ... ...lish.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2011/02/20112254231296453.html>. Gascoigne, Bamber.
Syria has reached that stage. The Syrian Revolt has been ongoing since 2011. What started this revolt you ask? Well, it all started with their leader, Bashar Al Assad and his regime repressing the people of Syria with censorship of internet, travel bans, and arrest of political prisoners (Flock, washingtonpost.com). The Syrians thirst for Democracy and America, being as helpful as it is, had some part in it.
Ali Abdullah Saleh was an oppressive president who based his rule solely on tactics that would only benefit him. He came into power in 1999 when he was reelected as president of the Republic of Yemen. However before he was elected, he gave the people a false expectation that seemed as though all he wanted for the country was peace and unity. He won the election because there... ... middle of paper ... ...ming him. President Saleh was the primary cause to the uprisings in Yemen.