The Canadian Intervention in Libya

1604 Words7 Pages
The Libyan revolution of 2011 initiated with collective nonviolent political protests comparable to the events in Tunisia and Egypt. However, it quickly escalated to a full-fledged civil war. Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar Gaddafi obtained the role of the official ruler of Libya in 1969 by a bloodless coup d’etat against King Idris. Gaddafi remained the official ruler of Libya from 1969 until 1977. (Calvocoressi, 2001) Subsequent to 1977, Gaddafi was referred to as a symbolic figurehead until the political violent revolt in 2011, which contributed to his death. Gaddafi was the longest-serving Arab leader and commonly referred to himself as the King of Kings. Gaddafi’s reign over civilians was predominately derived from fear. The Libyan conflict differed from the conflicts in Tunisia and Egypt because it did not originate from economic stresses. It was solely based on political stresses as Libyans aspired for the removal of Gaddafi and a new legitimate democracy. The legitimacy of the Canadian intervention in the Libyan conflict will be analyzed by three criteria, which include, the threat of massacre, the support from nations, and the Responsibility to Protect doctrine.

First, the threat of extreme terror and massacre was imminent throughout Libya. Although Gaddafi was only a symbolic figurehead for the nation, in reality, he exercised near-total control over considerable government decisions. For forty years, Libyans tolerated Gaddafi’s brutal suppression and senseless killings. (McDougall, 2003) Gaddafi’s regime controlled the media and utilized it to distribute propaganda and instill fear. Libyans feared the consequences of criticizing the regime, which included disappearance and exile. Charles Recknagel described Gaddafi’s re...

... middle of paper ...

...Protect doctrine.


Calvocoressi, Peter. (2001). World Politics:1945-2000. Pearson.

McDougall, James. (2003). Nation, Society, and Culture in North Africa. Routledge.

Recknagel, Charles. (2011). “Qaddafi Death Ends Four Decades of Brutality, Eccentric Excess.” Radio Free Europe Documents and Publications (October 20):1.

Joffe, George. (2011). “The End of Autocracy?: The Seeds of Libya’s Civil War: Royal United Services Institute for Defense Studies.” RUSI Journal 156, no.3 (June):12.

Western, Jon. (2011). “Protecting States or Protecting Civilians: The Case for R2P.” The Massachusetts Review 52, no. 4 (July): 348-57.

Black, Ian. (2011). “Gaddafi Urges Violent Showdown.” The Guardian UK-Middle East. (February):1.

Bain, William. (2010). “Responsibility and Obligation in the Responsibility to Protect.” Review of International Studies 36, 25-46.

More about The Canadian Intervention in Libya

Open Document