Arab ships would burst into flames from contact with the "liquid fire." Fighting continued for a year until the Arabs retreated. Constantinople was defended successfully, but the empire suffered heavy losses and continued to loose land. The era from about 1025 to 1453 witnessed the Byzantine Empire in its ultimate destruction.
The empire crumbled until Italy was the only thing left of the western empire (History). Rome’s final stand was against the barbarian king Odoacer (Ancient). Odo... ... middle of paper ... ...ivilizations eventually caught up. Even though the empire is gone there is a lot that can be learned from the Byzantines. They started as a strong empire that flourished for a very long time, but then a lot of things went wrong for the Byzantines, which led to their fall.
Western Medieval Europe and the Byzantine Empire were originally part of the Roman Empire. It was not until the Middle Ages, they started to become very different even though they shared several common traits. The Byzantine Empire had surpassed much of Western Europe by the 300's, not only in trade and economics, but also in politics even while both argued over religion. The Byzantine and Western Europe had vastly different structures for their governments, empires or not. The Byzantines were ruled by an Emperor, but who used civil service to help run their government instead of a direct ruler.
Unfortunately Leo VI’s reign was less successful in military matters than his father’s reign. War broke out with the Bulgarians in 894 when they invaded Byzantine territory because of tax increases on Bulgarian goods (Gregory 2010, 247). This problem not only had negative effect while Leo VI was in power but continued to be until the reign of Constantine VII. The Bulgarian conflict caused the Byzantine’s to lose their last foothold in Sicily, Taormina, in 902 to the Arabs (Gregory 2010, 247). The Arabs were also succes... ... middle of paper ... ...r, proclaimed Theodora empress” (Psellus Packet, 144).
It was during this time that the Roman Empire reached its greatest territorial extent. Shortly afterwards, however, civil war and corruption plagued the empire for over a century. Unlike the Greeks who followed primogeniture, the Romans did not create an effective method for determining the new emperor. This led the Praetorian Guard to sell the position of emperor to the highest bidder. Didius Julianus was one of the emperors who bought his throne.
The rise of Islam is also of significance because it set the stage for religious conflicts in that region that continue even to this day. Replacing the early caliphates was the Ottoman Empire, which engaged in many wars against rivals, who were later replaced by the various Arab countries that are still to this day constantly in a state of political turmoil, and antagonistic to many western
By the fourth century, the Roman Empire had developed exponentially with significant growth in cultural, social, and political activity. Leading up to the Battle of Adrianople of 378 AD, the Empire suffered significant division and its once uniform body began to splinter. After multiple attempts to unify the empire, the East and the West grew increasingly independent. The battle proved a critical turning point in the prominence of the West significantly foreshadowing its future. While the declining reputation of Rome was apparent long before the battle itself, it was clear that the Roman defeat at Adrianople significantly contributed to the Western Empire’s gradual disintegration as the dominance of the East thrived.
However, over time, the Byzantine Empire fell because of the major civil wars in 1321 and 1341, the crusades and ultimately the Ottoman Turk’s takeover. One of the main contributors in the decline of the Byzantine Empire were the two civil wars that occurred in Macedonia and Constantinople. In 1321, the first civil war, often called the War of the Two Andronikoi, occurred between Byzantine’s emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos and his grandson Andronikos III Palaiologos over control of the empire. Andronikos III had many supporters including John Kantakouzenos, who had a governorship in the nearby land of Thrace. Shortly after the war began, a peace treaty was reached in which Andronikos III Palaiologos was named co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
Many military, economical, and political differences and factors contributed to the fall of only the Western Empire. The shortage of its military, the invasion and migration of barbarians, the over extension of its resources and boundaries, its unstable economy and infrastructure, great inflation and crippling taxation, corruption of its ruling class, and the lack of competent leaders all played a part in the Empire’s decline and fall that made a great mark in the history of human
As the Roman Empire expanded to help govern it better it brought out the Western (old) Romans in Western Europe and the Eastern (new) Romans in Eastern Europe. Many in the west saw the east as Greeks, but the Eastern Romans saw themselves as the Roman Empire with its capital in Constantinople. Early on Emperor Constantine sought to keep the two united but as the fifth and sixth centuries rolled around they each had gone their separate ways. With chaos in the west, the east thrived after the west fell under Germanic tribes and the east later became known as the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire lasted from 330-1453 a thousand years longer than the Western Roman Empire.