The Bubonic Plague

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Introduction
Bubonic plague is classified as a Zoonotic disease which is circulated mainly by fleas on small rodents. The bubonic plague is considered to be part of the three bacteria infections types which are brought about by Yersinia pestis. It is of great essence to note that Yersinia pestis is the bacteria species which was previously termed as Pasteurella pestis which belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family. In the event it is left untreated, the bubonic plague is considered to kill around two thirds of those infected within a time span of approximately four days. The bubonic plague is a term which is actually of a Greek origin (βουβών) which can be literally translated to mean ‘groin”. In most cases, swollen lymph nodes emerge within the armpit, as well as, groin of the individuals who have been infected by the disease. Bubonic plague was mostly utilized synonymously for plague. However, in reality it refers particularly to a type of infection which enters through the skin then travels via the lymphatics as is usually the case with flea-borne infections.
Bubonic plague along with the other Y. pestis manifestations, that is the septicemic plague, along with pneumonic plague; is believed to have caused the Black Death, which swept across Europe in the course of the 14th C killing around 25 million people which was equivalent to between 30% to 60% of the then European population (Alexander, 2003). Within the Mediterranean region, the disease seemed to spread much during the summers, whereas within Europe, it was established that the disease was prevalent in the course of the autumn. As a result of the deaths which were caused by the said plague, wages escalated and in reference to certain historians’ allegations, that turne...

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...ty, the modern medics have invented various antibiotic classes which are considered to be quite efficient in treating the infamous bubonic plague. The aforementioned antibiotics are such as aminoglycosides which include streptomycin along with gentamicin; tetracyclines (apecifically doxycycline) in addition to the fluroquinolone ciprofloxacin. Mortality associated with the bubonic plague cases that have been treated is around to 1 to 15% as compared to that of the untreated cases of 40-60%.
Individuals who have been infected by the plague are required to seek treatment immediately and have to have taken the said antibiotics prior to the elapsing of 24 hours since the identification of the first symptoms to avoid death. In addition, there are various other modern treatments which involve offering support to the intravenous fluids, as well as, respiratory system.

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