They appeared as small grayish spots and the presence of these bites always brought about the bubonic swelling in the affected region of the body. W.M.W. Haffkine created a vaccine made of killed broth cultures of the plague bacillus. What is in store for the future? Bubonic plague will continue to inflict humans for a long time to come because of plague¹s presence in so many burrowing rodents.
The Bubonic Plague: Crisis in Europe and Asia There have been many natural disasters throughout history that have caused great damage physically, emotionally and mentally. The Bubonic Plague is considered by most to be the second worst disaster to have occurred throughout history. It all began in October 1348, when Genoese trading ships dropped anchor at the port of Messina, Sicily. The Ships had come from the Black Sea port of Kaffa (Truitt, 2001). The few of the crew members that were left alive carried with them a deadly disease so perilous that it would ultimately lead to death (Douglass, 1996).
About the worst disease in world history, the Black Death or Bubonic Plague which killed over 75 million people approximately 25-50 million accrued in Europe. The word plague is defined as a dangerous disease that spreads rapidly. It may have reduced the world’s population from an estimated 450 million people to between 355-375 million in 1400’s. Beginning in Asia and spread by the Mongol tribes that dominated that vast area, the disease devastated China and the Middle East, interrupting long distance trade and cross-cultural encounters that had flourished for two centuries. The plague was carried into Europe in 1347 by flea-bearing black rats infesting the commercial vessels that brought goods to Mediterranean ports.
The Plague The rats did it! Rats, almost single handedly, killed off about a third of the European population throughout the 14th and 15th centuries. Its effects on western civilization still lasts today, but for the people who lived during the plagues wish indeed that they did not. Society was depressed, the economy was struggling, food was scarce, and all of Europe was in battle. Who would want to live in these dramatic conditions?
When it hit Europe in the 14th century, the main cause was black rats and fleas that carried the virus, as well as the disease being spread by poor sanitary. During this time period, about “one-fourth to one-third of the total population of Europe, or 25 million persons” (plague 10) died. The infected black rats were believed to have been carried over by Central Asian trade routes, fleas are believed to have become infected by biting an already infected rat. How a person would get infected was in two ways; either, normally one was bitten by a tainted flea or rat and unfortunately, the virus could live in the host indefinitely. Once a person became infected, it wouldn’t take too long for those around them to also become infected.
Many diseases claim the lives of people every day. The Bubonic plague was a serious epidemic that killed an estimated 25 million people across Europe during the fourteenth century. Not only did the plague create hardships over the country in many areas with the attitude and lifestyle, it also created some good with the economy by creating jobs. The bubonic plague is a disease from a bacterial infection caused by Yesinia petitis. This bacteria comes from rat fleas.
The Black Plague started in 1347 CE and ended in 1351 CE. Europe declined dramatically by the spreading of an unstoppable virus sent from central Asia. As the virus spread through towns, villages, and across countries, dead bodies of the victims caught by the virus started to pile and gather. As more bodies began to pileup, they were dumped into pits (Wilson 438). There were many effects of the Black Plague in Europe.
Morgan Woods Sonja Martinez English IV, 4th hour 23 March 2016 The Black Death The Black Death was known as the greatest catastrophe ever. It killed 50 million people in the 14th century or 60 percent of Europe 's population. Yersinia pestis is a disease among rats that were on ships that were on a highly traveled trading routes, which is why this disease spread so quickly. Medieval Europe was extremely over populated until the biggest plague swept in and killed millions of people, which allowed for change in society and stronger economic growth. The beginning of the Black Death can be traced back to the Gobi Desert of Mongolia in the 1320s.
14th Century Outbreak of the Black Plague In 1300, multiple out breaks of the Black Plague arised. For example, in the thirteenth century an outbreak in China killed one third of the population. Several dates before this time showed the disease was present years ago in Europe. Dying from the Plague was scary to most people and Jordan Mcmullin, an author stresses, “Whenever the Plague appeared the sadness of death was terrifying” (Mcmullin n.pag.). Death has always been frightening, but when a country plagues with disease, death becomes a terrible fear, the Plague scared the people of 541, and 542, when their outbreak of the Plague spread.
The nursery rhyme “ Ring Around The Rosy” is more than a popular song little children sing while holding hands, walking around in a circle and then falling down. The nursery rhyme refers to the Black Death, one of the worst plagues of all time (Schladweller). Known as infectious diseases that spread quickly and kill countless people, plagues have had a tremendous affect on people around the world since the beginning of time. The Black Death, also known as the bubonic plague, is a contagious bacterial infection that has killed millions of people. With the bubonic plague brutally killing one fourth of Europe in the 14th century and devastating China in the 18th century (Link), it is noted in history books as the worst plague of all times.