Board of Education of Topeka was considered a landmark United States Supreme Court case, in which segregation in public schools between blacks and whites was declared unconstitutional. This case overturned the horrendous “separate but equal” statute that was established in 1863 in the United States Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Parents of twenty African American students who attended elementary school in the Topeka school district filed this case. They called for the school district to reverse its policy on racial segregation in schools. The lower court admits that segregation in schools is detrimental to African American children, but still denies the plaintiffs relief saying that the schools are separate but substantially equal regarding the buildings, transportation, curriculum, and educational qualifications of teachers.
The Fourteenth Amendment is for the equal protection of the law for all U.S. born citizens (Kelly). The African American civil right movement was a fight to put an end to discrimination, segregation, and equal rights for all African Americans. In 1954 the cause of Brown v. Board of education found that racial segregationon in schools was unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment. The court found that the schools were separate but not equal (Black History Timeline). This cause also proved that other segregated places were unconstitutional under the law too.
Segregation was now officially illegal. This sparked up new opportunities for civil rights throughout the south. Black Americans throughout the U.S. now realised that something could really be done. Segregation in the U.S. wasn’t only targeted at black people, it was also aimed at Jews, Russians, Asians, Italians and all other races that weren’t White Anglo Saxon Protestants (WASP’s), but of all the races black people were classed as the worst. “Topeka vs. Brown” was the first victory for black civil rights campaigners.
Brown v. Board of Education to this day remains one of the most important cases that African Americans have brought to the surface for the good of the United States. Brown v. Board of Education didn’t just focus on children and education, it also focused on how important equality is even when society claimed that African Americans were treated equal, when they weren’t. This was the case that opened the eyes of many American’s to notice that the separate but equal strategy was in fact unlawful. In 1896, the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision set that “separate” facilities for blacks, and whites was constitutional. With the Brown v. Board of Education decision, Plessy was overturned along with the separate but equal implementation.
The request for an injunction pushed the court to make a difficult decision. On one hand, the judges agreed with the Browns; saying that: “Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children...A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn” (The National Center For Public Research). On the other hand, the precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson allowed separate but equal school systems for blacks and whites, and no Supreme Court ruling had overturned Plessy yet. Be... ... middle of paper ... ...tock market among black Americans have rocketed since the 1980s. The political and economic force of that black middle class continues to bring America closer to the vision of racial equality that Dr. King might have dreamed of 50 years ago.
The Brown vs. Board of Education case was extremely controversial and unique, as well as a turning point black history. On May 17th, 1954, it’s verdict declared the idea behind the Jim Crow laws, “separate but equal”, as unconstitutional. The Brown vs. Board case was a very influential case that extensively impacted African American’s quality of life and was a giant step towards the type of equality outlined in the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment in the Constitution, which can be seen by looking at the facts of the case, the arguments used to support and oppose it, as well as the outcome. The ruling of the Brown vs. Board Case still vastly affects the lives of African Americans today. The issue this case arose from was
Brown V. Board of Education (1954) Brown v. Board of Education was a significant case that began many debates and movements across the United States of America. The basis of the argument was that “separate but equal” schools for white and African-American children were unconstitutional. This case was first filed as a class action suit, which took it to court at a state level, but after the jurisdiction was seen as unfair, was then brought to the Supreme Court. This case was supposed to be the beginning of the end of national segregation of colored people. (USHistoryatlas.com, 2015) Brown v. Board of Education proved that even though most people thought that racism was a problem that had been solved, the root of segregation was much deeper
The thinking of civil disobedience displayed in a great number of these people brought upon the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. A movement thought to have the effect of bringing more than just rights to the African-American but also bringing the responsibility of blacks all around the country to a peak. Their responsibility had now changed to having to now learn to assimilate with the whites all around them. The Civil Rights Movement began in 1954 with the Supreme Court ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, this ruling struck down the doctrine of “Separate but Equal”. The Brown v. Board of Education case was a start of many that began to transform American Democracy.
It also impacted the civil rights movement. This case changed the way all Americans viewed segregation as the country was dealing with the liability of inequality. Before the Brown vs. Board of Education, there had been another Supreme Court case that supported racial segregation. Segregation had been an all country issue. This case was the Plessey Vs. Ferguson case in 1896.
Brown was then introduced to attorney Thurgood Marshall, who helped... ... middle of paper ... ...of US History, the authors divulge that many people including, African Americans did not favor the idea of desegregated schools, some felt that it would cause tension between not only students but also adults (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine 197). According to World Book Advanced, the author says because of this, Brown v. Board of Education II was enforced by congress, stating that desegregation was to be put in schools with deliberate speed (Garrow n.p.). In World Book Advanced, Tushnet states due to the success of the trial, after noticing how Marshall handled the case, President John F. Kennedy appointed Marshall to the United States Court of Appeals (Tushnet n.p.). By passing this law, it gave African Americans the encouragement they longed for. It also allowed African American to start standing up for more equal rights, not only in schools but society as well.