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The British Industrial Revolution

Satisfactory Essays
Of all the countless factors that attributed to the unparallel success of the industrial revolution in England, there were a select few that really played roles front and center of everything. Debatably, the single largest factor of the growth for the industrial sects of England was the close proximity of the factories, markets, ports and cities to one another. Moving raw materials and finished products became very cheap to do England. Aided by the invention of the steam-powered locomotive things could be shipped very quickly and cheaply increasing the profits. With a growth of profit margins it put much more capital into the hands of business owners to expand their companies and grow the industry even more.

Another large factor in to English economy's boom, in comparison with the rest of continental Europe, or the world for that matter, was that they were already advanced ahead of many countries as far as standard of living and economic efficiency. France was reeling from a revolution, Prussia, Austria, Germany and Russia all were still in much of disarray because of revolutionary ideas. England had established a republic close to 200 years before their industrial revolution and had a very stable economy and government, something that they rest of the world was lacking at this point in history.

Not to be overlooked in prevalence is that England held a complete monopoly on the textile industry. They imported a lot of cotton to make goods, but few countries could produce cloths fast enough for their own people, much less the world. As the technology advanced in England the complete control of the markets grew. Even the government at the time put restrictions on the exports of machines and skills as to not let anyone rise to a position to compete with their control economically. The industrial revolution was the first time in history where a competition between nations didn't have anything to do with war, but was solely economical. The industrial revolution was not serenely beneficial to all people. The working class of England suffered dearly for the prosperous shift in the economy.

The conditions of the working class for the very large part of the revolution were not even in the least bit considered humane. As people migrated to the cities in search of work, the influx put massive strain on the housing and sanitary conditions of the growing metropolises.
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