The Bracero program was to solve the problem of Mexican illegal immigrants coming to the United States; however, the Braceros themselves and Mexican Americans viewed this negatively. After the Chualar accident in 1963, many people, especially Mexican-Americans, became outraged at this incident because the United States exploited the Braceros as mere guest workers in the United States. The Bracero Program simultaneously exploited Mexican laborers and displaced U.S. workers in need of agricultural jobs. The jobs they had were backbreaking work. They had to labor for long hours with low wages and many suffered physically and mentally from low-quality food, segregated housings, lack of water and rest, and terrible housing conditions.
“Job possibilities were especially limited for them because of racial discrimination” Mexican immigrants came to the US due to exploitation such as the enclosure movement and low quality of life lived in their homeland. Mexico was also facing the constant violence due to the Mexican revolution which only contributed to higher immigration rates into the US. Mexicans immigrants were pulled into the US by promises of success from family and friends living in the US. In desperation desire, Mexicans began to immigrate to the US. Similarly, Mexican immigrants were overworked in agricultural fields and blue collar job and often lived their life in impoverish conditions.
For thirty-four years Mexico existed under the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. During this time Mexico’s industries flourished however the Mexican people remained deep in poverty with little to no opportunities for educational growth. The Mexican revolution was the result of Diaz’s fall from leadership, the peons need for independence, and resulted in a new beginning for Mexico. The Mexican Revolution began due to Porfirio Diaz not allowing anyone to have a voice or say in whatever it is they must do. The people of Mexico were upset because everyone was in poverty because only a select few people actually had money because Porfirio Diaz allowed them to those select few where also the ones in power behind Porfirio.
The pay for the work they do in a week’s time is not even enough to feed the family for one week. Their economy has improved a little but not much. Most of the roads in Mexico are not paved so when it rains it makes the dirt roads muddy. There are stores and bars around in... ... middle of paper ... ... were to escape from ethnic, religious, or political oppression in their home country or to pursue a better life through economic opportunity” (p.6). When someone is subject to a life of hardship and poverty, being allured to a better life is irresistible.
Eventually, the farmers couldn’t keep up with the cheap goods and eventually lost their farms leaving them unemployed and the freed men working for them. These unemployed people brought crime rates up in a large amount. “During the latter years of the empire farming was done on large estates called latifundia that were owned by wealthy men who used slave labor. A farmer who had to pay workmen could not produce goods as cheaply. Many farmers could not compete with these low prices and lost or sold their farms.
Moving factories overseas did create some low paying jobs in Mexico, but it also quickly depleted Mexico’s environment. Agriculture companies also gained profit from NAFTA. After the tariff is removed from US-Mexico trade, many US agricultural subsidies exported corn and other grains to Mexico below cost. This quickly drove the rural Mexican farmers out of business, and many farm workers lost their jobs. With no job and income, many workers were forced to immigrate illegally to the United States to find jobs, and many of them end up working on farms again.
They are often so horrible that not only are men and women willing to face and in some cases, die to reach the United States but, as dramatized in “Victoria para Chino”, so too do the children of migrant parents. Upon crossing the border, many migrants discover that the much-hyped notion that the US is a land of opportunity or plentiful work is not true. Migrants, unlike citizens, have far fewer choices to employment options such as agriculture and service jobs. Generally, these jobs provide low pay and are some of the most economically vulnerable during economic downturns. If a migrant cannot find stable work, he is often forced onto the streets as a jornalero.
Social Darwinism or “Survival of the fittest” relates to The Harvest video because the migrants aren’t part of society’s ”most capable or intelligent members.” Even though they aren’t “dying off” they are struggling to survive in the sense that they barely are making any money to be able to afford to live comfortably. They aren’t even making a fair wage for the work that they are doing. Instead of being paid minimum wage or by hour they get paid by the amount they get harvested in a day. That alone makes living hard because they
Mexicans were not allowed to vote, and when they finally were they had to pay money for the right to vote. A large number of the Mexican people did not have the money to pay for this right, so their white bosses paid the fee and told them to vote for a candidate that favored the boss. Numerous Mexican Americans worked on ranches, farms, or in mines and their children often did not go to school. As a result “many were denied jobs because they were perceived as lazy, poorly dressed, dirty, ill educated, and thieves.” (LULAC) During this time period Mexican schools were segregated from white schools and the facilities and staff of the Mexican schools were sub-par. Segregation also occurred in the use of water fountains, and restaurants Perhaps one of the most notable atrocities that occurred was the hanging of Mexican Americans.
Since only a minimum amount of food was bought, the supply of crops exceeded the demand. This caused the prices for farmers selling crops to decline. Therefore, the cost of production was more than the profit of selling the crops, making it extremely difficult for farmers to survive. Then, to make matters worse, in the mid-30s the environment and weather were not ideal for f... ... middle of paper ... ...mes death. And again, being in a rural area, healthcare was not close by in an emergency.