Russia got Port Arthur, Britain got the New Territories near the Hong Kong region, Germany got Shantung and America got nothing. America was focusing largely on Guam and the Philippines and had missed the opportunity and so insisted on the “open-door policy'; in China were commercial opportunities were equally available to all Western powers and the political and territorial integrity of China stayed intact. The imperial court responded to this foreign threat by giving aid to various secret societies. Traditionally, secret societies had been formed in opposition to imperial government; as such, they were certainly a threat to the Ch’ing government. However, anti-foreign sentiment had risen so greatly in China that the Empress Dowager ,ruler of China, believed that the secret societies could be the leaders in a military deportation of Europeans.
(67) The war also gave an added impetus to the vital importance of cables and communications, as the Central and South American Telegraph Company sought to end the British stranglehold over the regional market. That, in combination with the creation of organizations like the Federal Trade Commission in 1913, was in direct contrast with the ideology that monopolies hindered free market competition, as they provided a "lobby in favor of legislation designed to legalize monopolistic combinations in the export trade. Once again, American exceptionalism with an overriding desire to dominate, painted American foreign policymakers as charlatans, only concerned with principle up until the point it could no longer serve the best interests of the United
When Japan entered China with its exceptional manpower and weapons, they prevented the nobles from doing so. In the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Japan forced China to cede Korea, pay war indemnities, and open numerous ports (Hangzhou, Suzhou, and Chongqing,) while ending the attempts for power. However, seeing Japan’s progress through the adoption of western technologies, the Chinese formed political clubs like the followers of Guang Xu, which debated approaches to reform. Japan also exerted control over the ruling class and politicians, demanding that they work together and help preserve the crumbling local governments. Nonetheless, the stabilization brought consequences.
This was an excuse for the powerful countries of Europe, American and Japan to interfere with and take partial control over China. The Qing dynasty was humiliated and lost its control. The mandate was slowly slipping away as European influence increased in regions of Canton and Kiakhta. Throughout the nineteenth century, foreigners took control of China and forced the people to make humiliating concessions. Italy, Japan, and Russia all claimed exclusive trading rights to certain parts of China.
(Document B) In the past America had to cope with Britain, France, and Spain to acquire land, but now the competition would only intensify. America also gained land such as Alaska through means of purchase, which it has done previously. For instance the U.S. was involved in: Jefferson’s purchase Louisiana Territory from the French, the purchase of Florida, and "Gadsden Purchase". Furthermore, there were some groups who opposed imperial... ... middle of paper ... ... late nineteenth century. Document G portrays, an American standing at the gates of China, in front of an “open door”, and is blocking representatives from the other countries to show how the policy is intended to benefit America.
What did the League do in response? This was a test for the League, Japan was a leading member of the League, this situation needed careful handling. China appealed to the league, Japan claimed it was not invading as an aggressor but simply settling a local difficulty. The Japanese stated that it invade in self-defence to keep the peace as China was in a state of ruin. For the Chinese there was a long delay, the League officials sailed around the world to assess the situation for themselves.
Vietnam1 Vietnam is a country 9000 miles away from the United States. Yet America felt that its national interest to protect the peace in south Asia and stop communist was threatened strongly enough to fight a war there. Therefore, American considered that the establishment of the "Iron Curtain" of Europe must be stopped to happen again in Asia. Meanwhile, the communist take over of China, the Korean War and the communist victory over the French in Vietnam --all led many Americans to fear that The communists were taking over the world and America must dispatch force to stop their expansion. At that time, most American believed in the "Domino Theory", suggesting that if one Asian country fell to the Communist the others would quickly follow.
By 1870 the Daimyo (feudal lords) had to return all of their land to the emperor and a new education system was introduced as well as compulsory education. The improvement of Japans military was a major ... ... middle of paper ... ...nd Asian power to come against a western rival, which was signed in 1902. This treaty simply stated that if either of the countries (Japan or Britain) was to come into war with another power the ally would stay as a neutral party unless the rival was to receive aid from an ally. For example if Japan went to war with Russia Britain would have to be neutral and not contribute to either side, but if Russia received aid from an ally like France or Germany Britain would then have to come to Japans aid. Works Cited http://www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/anglo-japanese-treaty-alliancehttp://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htmhttp://asianhistory.about.com/od/japan/f/What-Was-the-Meiji-Restoration.htm http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2130.html http://sinojapanesewar.com/ http://asianhistory.about.com/od/warsinasia/a/First-Sino-Japanese-War.htm
In response, Malik claims that India's evolving foreign policy reflects its desire to 'build an arc of strategic partnership with China's key neighbours in Asia Pacific and to help neutralize the growing Chinese military assistance and activity around India and to develop counter-leverages of its own to keep China sober' . Mohan also argues that if both India and regional actors recognize its converging interest against China, then they will inevitably 'generate better conditions for balancing China through the framework for a more sustainable strategic coordination in Asia' . Hence, it seems India is seeking geopolitical partnership with both major and littoral states in multiple directions to serve its security interests because India desire neither China nor the US dominate in the region. This essay will first examine how India's security role exercises diplomatic leverage in Asia-Pacific multilateral organizations, such as, in Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and Association of ... ... middle of paper ... ...d New Delhi to add more depth to the US-India defense engagement for a stable balance of power in Asia '. Also, according to Mishra, such undeterred supports from the US to India is the evidence that the US strategically assists India to bring her into the balance of power politics because India is the only state in the region which has the capability to balance China .
Because of the rising of China, Japan feels that they have to find a way to compete with China and pop out the dispute to become a reason to gain power. In this case, non-governmental actor, the United States has to play their role as the world most powerful country to help these countries to stop this dispute. This is for the benefits of itself seems that these two countries have much to contributes to United States. However, China and Japan have to repair their diplomacy agreement that they had signed before. They both have to rethink about the benefits they will gain especially in the developing their countries if they repair the relationship.