The Black Plague The Black Plague was one of the worst and deadliest diseases known to man in the history of the world. The Plague originated in Italy and quickly spread throughout Europe killing more than one hundred thirty seven million people. Early treatments for the Plague were often bizarre but eventually came in a vaccine and through isolation. The symptoms of the Black Plague were swellings called buboes and dried blood under the skin that appeared black. The Black Plague changed the world in several different ways.
In 1351, it was calculated that the total number of dead in Europe was approximately twenty-four million people. That is a great decrease considering that there was an estimated seventy-five million people living in Europe before the Black Death struck. The Plague certainly had one of the greatest effects on the world in all areas, and was also one of the greatest displays of human suffering ever. The Plague caused the people of western civilization to lose family, food, society, and basic fundamentals of living. It seems that bad or depressing situations give us a grasp on what is really important in our daily lives, and that is what we all need.
It originated from southern China and went along the Silk Road. It crossed through central Asia, India and also into the middle East (Stock Vol.4). Later on, scientists found out the cause of the Black Plague to start was ships and carriers, which had rats onboard that were infested by fleas. India was deeply affected by this, resulting in 13 million deaths (Wells 1097). The most common disease during the Black Plague was the bubonic plague.
The Bubonic plague, the focus of this research paper, was the most popular strain of the plague. This strain caused swollen lymph nodes and buboes under the arms and around the groin area. The Plague was airborne, spread by rat bites, and by flea bites. All three of these strains were very painful. The Black plague was a major epidemic from 1348-1350, but it remained a threat until the 1666 London fire.
With a lot of the rats dying the fleas started to become attracted to the other warm blooded mammals in the area like horse, cows, cats, and people. This is when the plague started infecting humans. Basically when the fleas bite people they throw up the bacteria into the wound. Then the bacteria infects the lymph glands and attack the immune system. All th... ... middle of paper ... ...her cities in Europe to trade goods.
The Black Death The Black Death was undoubtedly one of the most devastating diseases that occurred during the middle ages. The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was a world-wide epidemic that caused the death of more than 20 million people throughout Europe (Velenzdas). The people of this time period were clueless as to the cause of the plague, but were well aware of the tell-tale symptoms that accompanied infection. There were many "cures" for the outbreaks, however it is known that only a small percentage proved successful. Although the Black Death is deemed by many to be the most devastating pandemic in history, some consider it to have ultimately led to the Renaissance by starting a revolution in the arts and sciences (Cantor 22-23).
The Bubonic Plague, otherwise known as the Black Death was a raging disease. Most people thought of it as the physical Grim Reaper of their town or community. The disease lasted about six years, 1347 to 1352. The Bubonic Plague was a travesty that has traveled throughout Europe and has raged and decimated both large and small towns, putting Europe through a lot. The disease spread through a bacteria called Yersinia Pestis.
A select few of these ailments, called pandemics, are highly contagious and can afflict mass amounts of people in a short period of time. One example of a pandemic is the Black Death. It swept through Europe in the 14th century, killing an estimated 75 million people and causing the collapse of the Feudal system. The Black Death is considered one of the deadliest pandemics in history because of the speed of its spread, the death toll, and the lasting effects it had on humanity. The speed at which the plague came about was a major factor in its lethality.
The Black Death was a terrifying and destructive pandemic that ravaged Europe and changed how it would be in the future. It started in Mongolia, made its way to Europe, raged there for 5 years, causing death almost everywhere, and changed how Europe would evolve forever. It made the Church lose power and gave some to the peasants and the serfs, allowing for the Renaissance to start. If the Black Death had not come through Europe, then there may have not even been a Renaissance at all. An author who survived through the Black Plague, Giovanni Boccaccio, wrote this about the Black Death: “How many valiant men, lovely ladies and handsome youths whom even Galen, Hippocrates, and Aesculapius would have judged to be in perfect health, dined with their family, companions and friends in the morning and then in the evening with their ancestors in the other world?”
The use of antibiotics and increased scientific knowledge first gained in the 1890s have reduced the destruction of plague outbreaks. In Medieval times, with the unknowing help of humans, bubonic plague exploded into a pandemic. Known as the ³Black Death², it decimated Europe in 1350, killing 1/3 of the population. It disrupted government, trade, and commerce. It reshaped people¹s perspectives on life and Christianity, and found expression in many works of art.