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This particular project is going to be about birthdays. This research paper will unravel the meanings of important words and reveal the answers to frequently asked questions considering this Birthday Paradox.

This Birthday Paradox states: if 23 individuals are amongst each other in an area, then there is a probability of 50% that two of the individuals will have the same birthday. A birthday is the anniversary when somebody was born (creative edge dictionary). “Birthdays are important they tell people when they were born and when they came into the world. People turn one year older every year, so we celebrate it when you turn older” ("Science Project Note Cards", 2011).

Based on a definition from the dictionary, a paradox is a self-contradicted (absurd) statement, but, in reality, embeds truth. Many types of paradoxes exist. Most paradoxes are based on contradiction, but others, such as the birthday paradox are given the term “paradox”, because they defy common sense. Paradoxes can be seen as ridiculous, but end up turning out to reveal the truth behind an idea.

This experiment proves how mathematics and probability differ from our own view of things. According to Science Buddies, “The objective of this project is to prove whether or not the birthday paradox holds true by looking at random groups of 23 or more people”("The Birthday Paradox", 2013). Even though there are 365 days a year, if you pick a small amount of people, there is at least a 50% probability that two of those people will have the same date of birth. If the number of individuals in a confined space gets larger then the chance of having the same birthday would be larger -birthday paradox. According to Erika Batista and her set of peers, “… most people wrongly expe...

... middle of paper ...

...find out how many other lucky people were born that same day.

Works Cited

Quizlet. (2011, February). Science Project Note Cards. Retrieved from http://quizlet.com/4411578/study (“Science Project Note”, 2011)

Science Buddies. (2013, January 10). The Birthday Paradox. Retrieved from http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_ideas/math_p007.shtml (“The Birthday Paradox,” 2013)

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2007). Illuminations: Birthday

Paradox. Retrieved from http://illuminations.nctm.org/LessonDetail.aspx?id=L299

(“Illuminations,” 2007)

Bellows, A. (2014). The Birthday Paradox. Retrieved from http://www.damninteresting.com/the-birthday-paradox/ (Bellows, 2014)

Aldag, S. (2007, July 1). A Monte Carlo Simulation of the Birthday Paradox.

Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent?article=1027&context= (Stacy, 2007)

- Explains that this research paper will unravel the meanings of important words and reveal the answers to frequently asked questions considering this birthday paradox.
- Explains that if 23 individuals are amongst each other in an area, there is a probability of 50% that two of the individuals will have the same birthday. a birthday is the anniversary when somebody was born.

- Explains that this research paper will unravel the meanings of important words and reveal the answers to frequently asked questions considering this birthday paradox.
- Explains that if 23 individuals are amongst each other in an area, there is a probability of 50% that two of the individuals will have the same birthday. a birthday is the anniversary when somebody was born.
- Explains that paradoxes are self-contradicted statements, but embed truth. they defy common sense.
- Explains that the experiment proves how mathematics and probability differ from our own view of things.
- Explains that the random selection of birthdays that other researchers used in their tests proved to be very useful to their experiment.
- Describes the four researchers who found and experienced new aspects of the birthday paradox: edward jenner, philip erdelsky, alan bellows, and stacey aldag.
- Explains that edward jenner invented and discovered the birthday paradox in 1796, which states that in a group of people there is 50% probability that two individuals share their date of birth.
- Explains that people being born is just part of a huge game of probability.
- Explains that philip erdelsky experimented with the birthday paradox while he was in college. he figured out that no one was born on the 29th of february, but people's birthdays had been distributed, equally, over the rest of the 365 days.
- Explains that alan bellows never had a good relationship with mathematics until he concluded that math is crazy. he assumed that birthdays were distributed throughout the 365 days of the year.
- Describes stacey aldag's theory that the birthday paradox and monte carlo simulation would provide hands-on experiences to students and teach them how to use probabilistic thinking in real-world situations.
- Explains that modern researchers use one equation to solve probability of the birthday paradox — if 23 people are in a room, there is 50% chance that two people share the same birthday.
- Cites quizlet's science project note cards, science buddies' the birthday paradox, and national council of teachers of mathematics.

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