The Bipolar Spectrum and Treatment

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Often It is very difficult to treat bipolar patients due to several factors; slower metabolism of drugs, greater organ sensitivity to mood stabilizers, and concurrent medical conditions to name a few. Psychodynamic therapy is one of the therapies often chosen for Bipolar disorder under the theory that underlying unconscious conflict is exacerbating the patient’s symptoms and resolving them will improve the affective symptoms. Family treatment is also popular because people with bipolar disorder often have relationship dysfunctions, and just as with schizophrenia, an “expressed emotion” family is known to have contributed to relapses after hospitalization in the patient (Maj, 2002, pg, 284). Interpersonal intervention helps with how the person with bipolar disorder relates to others and has social interactions. Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to help the patient deal with stressful life situations in a healthy way as well as show the error in thinking during a depressive episode. Psychoeducation is used to teach people with bipolar disorder about their illness and the need for proper maintenance. Some other treatments that are known to improve symptoms as well such as electroshock therapy and bright lights. Prevention Exercise and diet have a lot of effect of being able to prevent relapses because they help balance the chemicals in the brain and healthy bodies help make it easier to maintain mental health. It also seems to help when the patient has a good support system and the people around them are involved in the treatment with the patient. The patient must also be diligent in self-management of the disease by attending therapy and taking their medication correctly since their medication reduces the effects of ... ... middle of paper ... ...the mind, then when there is a mental illness present it makes sense that a healthy spiritual life would make the mental illness better. That is not to say that being right with God will magically cure you, and some theorists believe in an integrated viewpoint where you still benefit from various therapies and medications. Conclusion Though this disorder has been the subject of many theorists over the years, it is only in the last hundred and fifty years that there has been a lot of progress in the diagnosis and treatment of Bipolar. The cause of the illness is under debate, with no real evidence for any one theory. The bipolar spectrum still presents a few mysteries and the treatment is a trial and error of a combination of the different methods available to see what works best. Treatment depends largely on the culture of the individual being treated.

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