Those who supported the document were referred to as Federalist and those who did not support the document were known as Anti-Federalist. The first states to ratify the Constitution were Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and Connecticut. Massachusetts still strongly opposed the document, saying that freedom of speech, religion, and press were lacking protection. An agreement was made in February 1788 that the document would be amended to include what was lacking upon ratification. With hesitation,
Over the next few years it became evident that the system of government that had been chosen was not strong enough to completely settle and defend the frontier, regulating trade, currency and commerce, and organizing thirteen states into one union. So in the summer of 1787 delegates from the twelve states convened in Philadelphia to draft a new Constitution. They proposed a strong national government that would assume many of the powers previously imposed upon the states. (1) “No sooner than had the Continental Congress laid the proposed Constitution before the people for ratification, ” Irving Brant writes, “than a cry went up: it contained no Bill of Rights.”(2) People objected because the liberties they had fought for in the Revolution were not being protected by the Constitution, and then could be ignored by the federal government. The Anti-Federalist called for another convention to outline a Bill of Rights before the Constitution was approved.
Before the Constitution came to be, the United States had a set of laws called the Articles of Confederation, which were approved in 1781. The Articles of Confederation gave a lot of power to the states and not very much to the central government. Very soon after the Articles of Confederation was created, many problems came up. As it states in Document 1, Congress could not tax or pay its bills or debts. It could neither protect its country from mercantilist European empires nor supply the army.
The Independence Hall had earlier seen the recruiting of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the Articles of Confederation. The meeting immediately discarded the idea of amending the Articles of Confederation and set about drawing up a new arrangement of government. Groundbreaking war conqueror George Washington, a delegate from Virginia, was elected convention president. During an exhaustive debate, the delegates invented a brilliant federal organization characterized by an complicated system of checks and balances. The convention was divided over the issue of state representation in Congress, as more-populated states sought compara... ... middle of paper ... ...fication debate; these essays were signed with the alias Publius, taken from Publius Valerius Poplicola, a man who supposedly saved the ancient Roman republic.
Ultimately, The Bill of Rights was adopted to appease the Anti-Federalists, whose support was necessary to ratify the constitution, and who believed that without the liberties granted therein, the new constitution—that they thought was vague and granted too much power to the central government—would give way to an elite tyrannical government. The purpose of The Bill of Rights is to protect U.S. citizens from abuse of power that may be committed by the different areas of their government. It does this by expressing clear restrictions on the three braches of government laid out previously in the Constitution. As stated by Hugo Black, Associate Justice to the Supreme Court: “The bill of rights protects people by clearly stating what government can’t do by describing ‘the procedures that governmen... ... middle of paper ... ...ivists web site that allows you to share your environmental opinions with friends all over the country. It is hard to imagine a society such as ours without the rights that we have in the First Amendment.
He goes on to remind the public that the “people surrender nothing” and quotes the introduction to the new Constitution, emphasizing the words “WE THE PEOPLE.” Unfortunately, he then followed this reassurance by telling them that a bill of rights was unnecessary. Madison and Hamilton seemed to believe that individual rights were obvious and didn 't need to be specifically stated. (Floyd) . Anti-Federalists were adamant about the addition of a bill of rights to ensure protection against tyranny and inequality between the classes. Even Thomas Jefferson, a supporter of the constitution, argued with Madison that a bill of rights was “what the people are entitled to against every government on earth.” (A More Perfect Union: The Creation of the U.S. Constitution.
“What a triumph for the advocates of despotism to find that we are incapable of governing ourselves, and that systems founded on the basis of equal liberty are merely ideal and fallacious.” (George Washington Expresses Alarm 1786) He said this to the rebels who then stopped and the rebellion was crushed. After Shays rebellion collapsed, the government realized that they need a new constitution and to strengthen the Articles of Confederation. This was a long and hard decision on whether to give the people the right to voice their opinions or not. Mixed views on the subject were given so it was very difficult to come to a conclusion. Mr. Sherman of Connecticut “opposed the election by the people, insisting that it ought to be by the state legislatures.
Still, if a judge grants immunity testifying is mandatory but nothing said will be used against you. Free expression protects us from the government. Obviously the benefits outweigh the costs, but, the negative aspects are remedied through limitations on free expression so as not to interfere with a person?s life, liberty, and property. The right not to speak is protected through various Amendments in the Constitution most noticeably Amendment 1. It is through these guidelines that free expression has become fundamental law and establishes a truly free society.
The United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787 by the constitutional convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the supreme law of the United States. After declaring its freedom from Great Britain after the Revolutionary War, America was in need of creating a government separate from the rule of the king. This task was not an easy one to accomplish. The first attempt at constitution, the Articles of Confederation, failed miserably.
There are many things that the government does well. There are definitely flaws in the systems, but the government does its job of upholding the values espoused by the Enlightenment regarding the proper role of government. The government does establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, providing common defense, promoting the general welfare, and securing the blessing of liberty. Here are the facts on how the government provide these things and how it makes America healthy: The first way the government upholds the values of the Enlightenment is by establishing justice. Establishing justice is the government 's legal system that makes fair decisions for its citizens.