The Bible By Merrill C. Tenney

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The Hebrew Bible is studied, analyzed, and worshiped by millions each day, it gives insight into the teachings and laws of God. The article “Pentateuch”, obtained from The Zondervan Pictoral Encyclopedia of the Bible by Merrill C. Tenney, deeply examines the authorship of the Pentateuch and displays two compelling arguments of weather the Pentateuch is of Mosaic authorship, or written by authors other than Moses. The Pentateuch is the bases of the entire Bible, it contains the first five books, including Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, thus the literal meaning of “five volumes”. Theses five books make up the Old Testament and are roadmap to God’s teachings. The two views of Pentateuch authorship are Mosaic authorship and higher criticism of the Pentateuch. Both views make very fascinating arguments, which can be supported by textual evidence throughout the Bible. The first viewpoint is Mosaic authorship, which claims that Moses was the author or the Pentateuch and the Pentateuch is based from the time of Moses. Moses was the Jewish leader and law correspondent who lead the people of Israel under the word of God. Moses was the only one who was able to speak directly with God, the Israelites were only capable of communicating with God through dreams and visions. God entrusted Moses to relay his messages to the people of Israel. Moses was a great messenger, as he delivered the words of God flawlessly and endured all the feedback and anger that followed. The understanding of Mosaic authorship is very compelling, because he was the one who experienced first hand the words of God, and witnessed and experienced many events that are described throughout the Pentateuch. It is in the Book of Deuteronomy t... ... middle of paper ... ... trying to decipher the time of which an event took place it is necessary to know which characters belong to which time period. If a character doesn’t match the time period they are being written in, you can speculate at inconsistencies, which may be due to the authorship. The language used in the Pentateuch can be difficult to understand and are uncommon to the reader. It can also be difficult to determine which aspects of language show discrepancies. Most words in the Pentateuch are used frequently, showing a similarity in the writer, but in the late P document, specific words cause doubt to the Mosaic authorship, because these words weren’t used until after Moses time period. This doubt is not enough to discard Mosaic authorship, because it has been stated that Moses used different sources, which could lead to the dialect throughout different time periods.

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