This was launched by Novartis and Broad Institute3. According to Mark Fishman, President of the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, “Probing cell lines with medicines targeted at specific pathways, as done for the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia, provides a powerful tool for design of cancer treatment.” Even though cancer cell lines are important model system, the scientific community questions the reliability of this system. During the first passages, the cell lines show chromosome abnormalities, molecular/ morphologic characteris... ... middle of paper ... ... J.-P., Varma, S., & Gottesman, M. M. (2013). The clinical relevance of cancer cell lines. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(7), 452–8.
Natural News: Natural Health News and Scientific Discovery, 5. Retrieved from http://www.naturalnews.com/012727_chemotherapy_cancer_treatments.html
Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine and Cervical Cancer Introduction In Hong Kong, cervical cancer ranks tenth among the female cancers (Department of Health, 2013). Although there is a decreasing trend in both the incidence rate and mortality rate of cervical cancer, recent statistics released by the Department of Health (2013) reveal that there are still around 400 new cases of cervical cancer every year and accounts for 3.2 percent of the new cancer cases in 2010. Therefore, it is important for the public to understand more about the causes and possible preventions of cervical cancer. It has been proven that certain types of human papilloma virus (HPV) contribute to the majority of cervical cancer cases. According to the Department of Health (2007), prevalence of human papilloma virus infection in Hong Kong is approximately 7 to 11 percent in women population.
It is important to note that the term cancer refers to a broad class of diseases as cancers have many different origins and must be treated differently. Can the immune system be trained to effectively treat or prevent certain cancers? First a look to the past to see where this theory came from to where it is taking us today, a look to the future where vaccines and potential cures could be the medical breakthrough of the century. For years the go to cancer treatment has been very invasive and often created hardships for patients. Today we are on the fast track of a breakthrough that could redefine typical cancer treatments, one that could and will save thousands who are at risk.
David and Markman(2003) an extra or abnormal chromosome may increase the risk of cancer for instance, subjects with Down syndrome, who have three instead of the normal two copies of chromosomes ,have higher risk of developing acute cancer. In the fight against cancer, the use of chemicals (chemotherapy) is one of the best methods to destroy or inhibit the growth cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used to effectively treat extensive (metastatic) cancer, which affects more than one part of the body (metastatic) cancer. This mechanism makes chemotherapy very important for a subject’s battle against cancer as radiation therapy and surgery are appropriate f... ... middle of paper ... ..., H.L. (2007) Pharmacogenomics of cancer chemotherapy-induced toxicity.
One out of every eight women will get diagnosed with Breast Cancer this year; therefore, new advanced technology of the treatment of Breast Cancer is the key to life after the disease. There is a lot of information that has to be known about breast cancer in order to do something about the disease such as what breast cancer is, the history and some risk factors.Breast cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor that starts from cells of the breast. Breast cancer is found mostly in women, but men can get breast cancer. Being a women and getting older, put women at higher risk of getting diagnosed with breast cancer. As women get older their risk continues.
Tracking Metastasis and Tricking Cancer: physics-and engineering-based approaches are helping researchers stop the spread of cancer by anticipating tumour cells' moves and habits. Nature, Feb 7, 2013, 494(7435), 131-136.
This is the main reason why cancer treatment is such a huge issue today. Ever since then, scientists, doctors, researchers, and experts have been looking for “a cure” in cancer treatment. Since it is a major disease that people get as of 2010 569,490 people would have died from cancer just that year (Begley ‘Curing Cancer’). The 569,490 people dying each year changes depending on what treatment people have and how many are diagnosed each year. The rate of cancer for men and women dropped in just new cancer cases in November 2008 (Graham).
Ovarian cancer happens in about 22, 240 women each year, and about 14,230 will die of this cancer (American Cancer Society, 2013). It is considered the ninth most common cancer that women can have. There is a higher chance of getting ovarian cancer if you are middle-aged or older. If you have a close family member, who have ovarian cancer then you have a higher chance of getting this cancer. Most cases of ovarian cancer are when the mutation gene is inherited by a close family member.
Supportive Care in Cancer, 19, 67-80.doi: 10.1007/s00520-009-0790-4 Niggemann, B. and Grüber, C. (2003), Side-effects of complementary and alternative medicine. Allergy, 58: 707–716. doi: 10.1034/j.1398-9995.2003.00219. Robotin, M. (2010). Enquiring about cancer patients' use of complementary and alternative medicines: Is our job done?.