The Benefits Of Urban Greening

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1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Urban Greening can be generally defined as the combined process of growing, conserving and management of different types of vegetation in different areas of the city for social, economic and environmental benefits (Byrne et al., 2014). Urban greening can be synonymously used with the term urban greenspace also considered as a combination of a many green areas in a city, (Roy et al., 2010). These include all types of playing fields, court yards, resident’s gardens, wild vegetation, cemeteries, green roofs, vacant lots, nature conservation sites and areas offering different recreational activities, (Harnik, 2010). Most green areas are made up of vegetated public and private spaces, (URGE Team, 2004). Recent…show more content…
It is based on the assumption that, achieving sustainable development lies in achieving a balance between socio-economic development and environmental development (Rydin, 2010). For urban greening to meet the objectives of sustainable development, municipal authorities or local government should craft policies and strategies that should be implemented so as to safeguard the future of green spaces, develop more of them, improve the quality of urban services like air, transport, water and make urban areas more attractive to investors while enhancing the wellbeing of local people (Troy et al., 2007). Flexible planning considers social, physical and population characteristics of a given area (Byrne et al., 2010), in other words, green spaces should be provided to meet social and ecological needs of a city. This is one of the biggest challenges facing many countries like South Africa, where the recently experienced political transformation has brought capital and economic interests onto the forefront of development priorities (Mentis 2010). Through better spatial planning, cities can minimise the resulting urban land use footprints and enable ecological conservation and improvements to be part of the foundation of city development (Henderson, 2013). Sustainable development therefore requires more support from many functions of urban greenness like heat absorption, purification of air and aesthetic value in promoting urban living standards without degrading urban ecology. Also, improvement of green spaces in urban areas requires the contribution of all environmental players to help in educating and raising the awareness of the public on the role of sustainable development in improving quality of life and availability of resources in future. People living in urban areas need to acknowledge and uphold that opportunities brought by urban
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