I steer towards a kantian point of view because i believe a physician needs to be completely loyal to their patients and should not put their health in jeopardy. Randomized clinical trials have benefited medicine but they are a common place of corruption, by the exploitation of patients the medical industry can easily do more harm than good. Randomized clinical trials are a very broad idea therefore choosing to be for or against it is very difficult. Overall the kantian theory is what i personally thinks is the best way have a patient-physician relationship.
The main purpose of using a placebo in clinical trials is to differentiate the background noise from the actual effect of the treatment drug. Regulatory agencies prefer or favor trials that use controls such as placebo since the data obtained will be clear and non-ambiguous . The use of placebo controlled study has been controversial since it was first introduced (c 1931). In this study, distilled water was used as a control when Sanocrysin was tested as a possible treatment for tuberculosis. The use of placebo control in clinical trials becomes controversial when there are other effective treatments available.
Austin Eby Medical Ethics Andrew Erickson March 19, 2015 Medical Paternalism Alan Goldman argues that medical paternalism is unjustified except in very rare cases. He states that disregarding patient autonomy, forcing patients to undergo procedures, and withholding important information regarding diagnoses and medical procedures is morally wrong. Goldman argues that it is more important to allow patients to have the ability to make autonomous decisions with their health and what treatment options if any they want to pursue. He argues that medical professionals must respect patient autonomy regardless of the results that may or may not be beneficial to a patient’s health. I will both offer an objection and support Goldman’s argument.
In medical research, there should be an extensive theoretical framework to guide the researcher to make ethical decisions. Due to the fact that vulnerable populations are preyed upon by researchers for means of medical research, and not necessarily for the benefit of the patient, bioethics has become a module that is to free the vulnerable individual from exploitation. It also, seeks to undertake one’s vulnerability while restoring autonomy as well. Sick individuals are not only vulnerable merely because of ... ... middle of paper ... ...ncentives in a study can be known as a form of coercion. When we realize that we are all a part of one human race, we can begin to define what equality looks like.
Gene therapy protocols require that ethical evaluation consists of processes assuring quality, transparency and efficiency without delays of treatment to the patients who need it. This is crucial because an inefficient, poor quality treatment could cost someone their life. The group also feels that gene therapy research should be restricted to serious diseases for which there is not a current treatment. Expanding research to other things could be done if a medical evaluation calls for it. Equal access should be assured to all researchers within the European Union, thus sharing information and helping to improve orphan drugs.
Also, the reasons for deception must be to prevent psychological distress, and its execution must have a high chance of success so that the patient-doctor relationship will not suffer from a break in trust. Overall, doctors should always strive to respect autonomy and provide beneficence when interacting with their patients. However, the majority of the time benevolent deception is used the p... ... middle of paper ... ...cal practice. Overall, physicians should not assume what they believe is best for their patients and should be truthful in relaying news about medical conditions, even though the diagnoses may be grave. Though the situation may look bleak, doctors need to take up the responsibility to be honest with their patients in order to honor the principle of respect for autonomy, and yet be beneficent by presenting a sense of realistic hope that treatment will succeed so that they will not easily give up on their chance of living.
The basic technique of such therapy involves either replacing the activity of a defective gene with a previously dormant gene or inserting genetic material into defective cells(212). The danger of such therapy is due to risks inherent in the techniques. Scientists, for example, may not fully and accurately... ... middle of paper ... ...r. Our enthusiasim must be matched by cautionary measures against discrimination(racial or otherwise), exploitation, and invasions of privacy. The desired goal should be to create an environment that promotes scientific progress and protects those elementary assumptions we hold valuable to life. Works Cited British Medical Association.
Next, I show the FBM’s impracticality in developing countries releases researchers from the moral obligation to use it. I then propose a new set of criteria — the Second Best Criteria (SBC) — that show if a test is moral or not. Finally, I argue that imposing a developed country’s moral standards for clinical trials in the Third World is immorally insensitive to the needs and conditions present in the latter area. Section 1 In clinical trials there are two different standard protocols for testing new drugs. The First Best Method tests the effects of a known drug (a benchmark), rathe... ... middle of paper ... ...Biotechnology, vol.
The future, on the other hand, looks toward numerous huge medicinal discoveries that are very achievable in near future. In the event that sickness can be prevented, society should utilize its assets to accomplish this outcome. Cosmetic genetic engineering is generally considered as forbidden as a result of the societal pressure, and the annoying idea that one is not playing by the principles of the universe. Therefore, it can be concluded that medical genetics provide a great prospect for human health care improvement, however, the related ethical issues should be addressed while carrying out such researches.
Act Utilitarian The act utilitarian believes that an action is right if the results are good or wrong if the results are bad. A person who believes in the rule of utilitarianism will judge the doctors based on the results. An example is if the experiment is a success and the cure of cancer is found then, it is a correct. On the other hand, if the experiment fails, the action would be judged as wrong, since no good has come out of it .This will not only paralyze the patient’s health, but the hospital will also have to face punishment due to their unethical behavior (Shafer-Landau, 2014). The fact that the hospital acted in an irrational way it has to be judged as an act of that lacks human decency.