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The Beginning of the Revolutionary War

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The beginning of the Revolutionary war was dominated by the British offensive that secured victories in Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, and Long Island, causing a sense of urgency and a need for nationalism among Colonials. Throughout the colonies Tories or Loyalists chose to remain loyal to Britain while Patriots chose to revolt against “taxation without representation,” and more generally the overpowered British government. Connecticut, a provisional powerhouse that supplied much of the continental cause with supplies such as clothes and foodstuffs, proved to be predominately Anti-Tory as it passed laws that prevented Tories from holding any sort of public office. Consequently, the British circumnavigated colony, as they could not rely on local loyalist support for aid; however, the Danbury Raid in which William Tryon, the Royal Governor of New York, raided the stockpile of Patriot provisions and burnt down the city of Danbury, stands as a stark historical exception. The 1777 Tryon Raid, although certainly a short-term military victory for England, had negative ramifications for the greater British war effort. Indeed, the destruction of Danbury triggered a heightened sense of American nationalism in the colonies that sparked patriotic fervor throughout the Continental Army and consequently, enabled America to emerge victorious.
Towards the end of 1776, the Continental Army’s commissioners chose Danbury, Connecticut as a depot for military provisions that would supply the northern and eastern fronts because of its tactical position between the Long Island Sound and the Hudson River. Noticing this strategic military placement of goods, the oppressed local Tories exposed this location to the British army, who then devised an ...

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...join the Connecticut Army of Reserve. Meig’s Raid of Sag Harbor negated the losses sustained in the tragic burning of Danbury and established Connecticut as a Patriot stronghold in the Colonies, causing the British to only raid the naturally exposed coasts of the state in the future. Connecticut also sent a company of cavalry and two regiments of infantry to aid Major General Horatio Gates in the victory over John Burgoyne at the crucial Battle of Saratoga that convinced France to join the colonial cause, and ultimately proved to be the turning point in the war for independence. Throughout the American Revolution, Connecticut proved itself of paramount importance through the storage and distribution of provisions to the northern and eastern states, and the intrastate cooperation that transformed the small colony into the Patriot bulwark of New England.
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