This conclusion seemed to contradict every presumption about Great Britain’s imperial power. In all other conflicts, the British seemed to win decisively but the problem in the American Revolution lies with Britain underestimating the colonists. The British were blind to America’s symbolic presence as an end to an imperial structure. France and Spain aided the colonists in hopes of defeating the tyrannical empire. Britain underestimated George Washington and the Continental Army.
In the American Revolution, the colonists had strong beliefs that the English government was unfair and often tyrannical. The Political Pamphlet, "Common Sense," published in 1776 by Thomas Paine discussed the importance of the American Revolution in straightforward language to provide a complete understanding of the relationship between colonists and England. Indeed, the "Common Sense," influenced the colonist to realize their independence. "The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of... ... middle of paper ... ...about taxation affected them in realizing their independent. The American Revolution was brought by a number of different things.
The Battle of Saratoga: The Turning Point of the American Revolution The Revolutionary War is enshrined in American memory as the beginning of a new nation born in freedom. (The Saratoga Chamber of Commerce, 1999) On 17 October 1777, the surrender of the British during the Battle of Saratoga proved to the world that the American Army was an effective fighting force. The American victory at Saratoga was a major turning point in the America’s fight for Independence. This victory also resulted in needed military support from European powers, particularly France, against the British Empire. (Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 2006) The major factors that led to the British downfall during the Battle of Saratoga were their lack of intelligence collection assets, American versus European tactics, harsh terrain, poor logistic, and American resolve.
Battles that Changed the Outcome The Americans started out as a bunch of uncivilized colonies, but after the revolutionary war, they become a strong country that beat Britain for freedom. On Christmas night General George Washington makes a bold decision to cross the Delaware and ambushed the Hessians. Although risky, Washington brought new life to his rag tag army. General Burgoyne decides that in order to win this war, he needs to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. Burgoyne’s plan sounded like a good idea to the British, but this action could be argued to be the reason why Britain did not win this war.
This was at first successful when the British took Pennsylvania, but hit a snag when Burgoyne met the Continental Army at Freeman’s Farm on September 19, 1777 - the first of the Saratoga battles. This was a tactical victory for the British, but it came at a price, as their casualties were heavy. It was known that the British won this Battle at Freeman’s Farm, but in actuality, they didn’t have many troops left. On October 7, in the Battle of Bemis Heights, the second Battle of Saratoga, Britain attacked America again as Burgoyne took the offensive. The troops crashed together south of the town of Saratoga, and Burgoyne's army was broken and his command captured.
One would agree that the revolution war was inevitable, although it could have been prolonged for few more years had the king and his government handled the colonies issues in a considerably and reasonable manners. First, the people in the colonies always felt that the Great Britain perceived them as second-class citizen. This perception from American can be traced back by the harsh treatment of the British troops garrisoned in the colonies. The pompous royal troops intended to show their superiority and blatant arrogance towards the colonies in every chance they got. During the French Indian war, this treatment of the British regular could be confirmed by one incident in June 1755 when Edward Braddock a British General, who was about to take an expedition to capture Fort Duqu... ... middle of paper ... ...t eventually lead to the declearance of indipendence.
During this time, American armies were vulnerable because of their lack of resources and supplies. But they still managed to have several triumphs, which led to their alliance with the French. After the American victory at the Battle of Yorktown, the war was resolved with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The Revolutionary War started when Paul Revere made his famous ride to warn the colonists that the "British are coming,” April 18, 1775. The British Army was stationed in Boston and word was, they were going to attempt an attack at the leaders of the Sons of Liberty.
The American Revolution is one of the most significant wars in modern history. It was a war in which thirteen colonies fought against the mighty British military in order to become an independent nation. Before the start of the Revolutionary War, the Colonists were dissatisfied with Great Britain and its heavy taxes on the Colonists and sought to negotiate with Great Britain to lower their taxes and give them freedom. However, it soon turned into a Revolutionary War with the American colonies fighting for their independence, while Great Britain sought to keep their control over the American colonies. Several years later, the American colonies fought off the British and formed a new, independent nation, the United States of America.
With the refusal of British imports in America and constant riots British troops were sent to Boston to protect the Customs Commissioners, but were met by angry colonist leading to the Boston Massacre ... ... middle of paper ... ...as the war became more costly, and no longer worth Britain’s troubles as America made it clear they would continue the fight. As a result, the Thirteen Colonies became the United States of America and no longer apart of the British Empire by the summer of 1776. In conclusion, The American Revolution was not just another war, but for a lack of better words a teenager fighting their parents to receive independence. Though, Britain felt it was an attack from the colonies they desperately tried to protect with misguided actions such as imposing what was considered unconstitutional taxes. If it was not for the colonist of that time banding together The United States would not be the world super power it is today.
In the “Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of taking up Arms” John Dickinson and Thomas Jefferson provided reasons for their resistance against Britain. They said that they only had two options to solve their problems with the king, which were, “unconditional submission to the tyranny of irritated [British officials], or resistance by force.” (Document 5). Dickinson and Jefferson’s reasoning prove that, the colonists had no rights to participate in the government or to maintain their freedom. During the revolution, their only option was to either form a new government or continue to get bullied by the king. In the “Declaration of Independence” the Patriots also reflected on the mistreatment of America by King George III.