Breast cancer is a frightening disease. It can be fatal, and while two thirds of the cases occur among mature women, it also strikes younger females and about nine thousand males each year. The fear generated by breast cancer is intensified by the somewhat shocking reality that breast cancer has actually increased over the last fifty years. In 1940, a woman had a one-in-twenty chance of developing the disease, while today one out of every eight women will get breast cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute, every three minutes somewhere a woman is diagnosed with it. Yet despite all of the media attention about breast cancer, most people don’t know very much about the illness.
Breast Cancer is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue, most common from the inner lining of milk ducts. The most common type of breast cancer is called Ductal Carcinoma. Another type of breast cancer is Lobular Carcinoma, which begins in the lobules of the breast. Breast Cancer can occur in men and women, although male breast cancer is rare. Breast Cancer can be invasive or noninvasive. Invasive means it has spread from the milk duct to other tissues in the breast, and noninvasive means that it has not yet invaded other tissues in the breast.
Breast cancer is the predominant form of cancer diagnosed in America women, second only to skin cancer and the primary cause of cancer deaths, surpassed only by lung cancer. Approximations suggest that one in eight women in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer during the course of their life (American Cancer Society, 2013). As with any disease, a diagnosis of breast cancer can be tremendously challenging and freighting experience not only during the time of treatment and post treatment, but also as a survivor of the disease. Encouragement, reassurance, and support are crucial components in managing, coping, surviving, and living with breast cancer.
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world (Breast). Every three minutes a woman is diagnosed: one in eight women will have breast cancer (Walgreens, 2011; Chen, 2010). “I have to admit, like so many women, I always knew there was a chance. But like so many women, I never thought it would be me. I never thought I'd hear those devastating words: 'You have breast cancer.' “- Debbie Wasserman Schultz, a democratic representative of Florida (2011).
Researchers and doctors have tried for many years to find the perfect cure for breast cancer, but with each year that passes new symptoms and more problems seem to arise. Breast cancer seems is most common in women, but there have been some cases where the cancer has affected men. There have been years of research spent on trying to find the final answer to all the damage that cancer has caused and on top of that there have been multiple organizations collecting data and research in hopes of one day finally curing this horrendous disease. One of the major organizations helping to calculate data in breast cancer research and contributing to a proven cure is the (SEER) or National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (Yancik, et al., 1989).
Women who use any or all of these measures reduce their risk of breast cancer. Even so, these women are still in jeopardy of contracting breast cancer. The fact is, the specific cause of breast cancer is unknown. These treatment options do not guarantee that at risk women will not be burdened with this deadly disease. What is needed to eliminate complete...
Breast cancer can greatly impact the lives of a patient, their family, and close friends. Many times breast cancer can cause stress, low self esteem, and pain mentally and physically. Treatment can also result in changes to your body. For example, chemotherapy can lead to hair lost, visible scars will appear after surgery, and many people will also gain weight during or after treatments. This can furthermore be very upsetting to one and lead to major insecurities. “Research has shown that the sooner you confront the physical changes to your body, the easier you may find it to gain confidence in the way you look...
Breast cancer. The second leading cause of death among women. In the United States, over 220,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and 40,000 will die each year. In men, 2,150 will be diagnosed and only 410 will die. Statistically only 1 in 8 women will get breast cancer and the risk is generally determined by genetics, diet, and lifestyle.
Women Coping with Breast Cancer
Coping has been closely connected to stress; it involves a process by which a person attempts to restore balance in response to a stressful life event (Henderson, Gore, Davis, and Condon, 2003). The most common cancer among Canadian women in 2010 is breast cancer. An average of 445 Canadian women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and an average of 100 Canadian women will die of breast cancer every week (Canadian Cancer Society, 2010). Coping with breast cancer has been defined as being emotionally and physically challenging for women and their families (Henderson et Al., 2003). Women that are newly diagnosed with breast cancer and those in the period between diagnosis and treatment are seen as being most stressful due to the uncertainty and ambiguity about the disease, lack of information and the need to make treatment decisions as soon as possible (Balneaves and Long, 1999).
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women in the world today and has one of the highest mortality rates when compared to other cancers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6). This cancer develops when tumors have formed within the cells of the breast and begin to divide uncontrollably while gaining the ability to metastasize (4, 7, 8). When looking at the statistics, one in eight women will develop breast cancer at some point in their life time (2, 4). In 2013, there was an estimated 232,340 new cases while in 2014 there was an estimated 232,670 new cases (4, 8). Breast cancer results when the cells in body have become mutated and begin to transform rapidly without going through any checkpoints and dividing without any signals (4, 7). The type of cancer can determine where the tumor develops and how to treat that specific cancer (4, 7)