The Battle of the Bulge The post D-Day Allied assault that swept through France was halted by Hitler’s unexpected counter-attack through the Ardennes, resulting in a confrontation named the Battle of the Bulge. The Allied battle front in the autumn of 1944 made an end to the war by Christmas look likely. They had liberated most of France in a matter of months, and were now marching towards the Ruhr River, which was the gateway to the heartland of Germany. However, the Allies had moved so far so fast that their supply lines had not caught up with them. The closest dock was where they had landed on D-Day, and the need for a closer port became more persistent everyday.
The Battle of the Bulge took place as a last ditch desperation attempt by the German Wehrmacht which is the German word for Army. The main intent of the attack was to divide the Allies and dramatically affect their ability to supply themselves (1). The battle began on December 16th, 1944, when the Wehrmacht gathered 200,000 troops and 1,000 tanks in a last-ditch attempt to swing the war in the favor of the Axis. On the first day of the offensive the Germans attacked the Allied front in the region of the Ardennes Forest, a seventy-five mile stretch of very dense forest. Prior to the attack the Ardennes Forest had been a quiet spot on the front where Allied units had been sent for “rest and seasoning”(3).
Battle of the Bulge The Battle of the Bulge, or the Ardennes Offensive, was the Nazi’s last attempt to split the Allies (America, Britain, and Russia), and was their most desperate and deadliest battle focused mainly on American forces. Ending in a failure for the Nazis and a success for Americans, it helped end the Second World War. The Battle occurred from December 16, 1944 to January 25. Hitler's idea was to capture Antwerp, located in the province of Antwerpen in Flanders, northeast Belgium, which is a port where the Allies could get supplies. He also wanted to take the strategic road St.Vith, and stop American reinforcements from coming in.
First of all, Germany planned to defeat France quickly by marching through Belgium before Russia could get involved. It was intended to avoid a war on two fronts. Germany believed that Russia would take six weeks to mobilize their troops. Germany would hold the French on the frontier with their weak forces and follow this by holding up Russian advance in the East with a small German army. Unfortunately, the Schlieffen plan had failed, I shall explain why the plan failed as follows.
Arracourt was a small town located on the Mosselle River on the French and German border. The principle adversaries in the Battle of Arracourt were General George S. Patton’s 3rd U.S. Army led by the 4th Armored Division. The 3rd Army had more than 160,000 Soldier, 1,500 Artillery pieces, and 930 Sherman... ... middle of paper ... ...attle was to take advantage of General Patton’s Army and stop the initiative. Adolph Hitler had no time to plan his counterattack on the 3rd U.S. Army, and his men had no training. The unity of command principle of war from the 3rd U.S. Army side was perfect.
On December the 16th the Germans decided to try and gain back some of the ground they lost Adolf Hitler pulled all his reserves up for the battle and made a surprise attack against the Americans and British. The Germans secretly formed in the Ardenne forrest and then attacked at Bastogne where the American 101st airborne division was deployed at. The 101st one of the most famous battalions in all of WWII was completely held off from reinforcements and supplies and they not only were low on supplies they were completely taken by surprise. ( William 21-25 ) The Battle of the Bulge is probably the battle that made the general George S. Patten famous his third army was engaged south of the Ardenne in a fierce tank battle. General Patten disengaged and turned north to relieve Bastogne.
Now with a beachhead on Northern France the allied forces from the west can push into occupied France and Belgium. It would not be a easy task though. In between the two forces stands Germany ready to fight back both fronts with whatever forces Germany has. After the liberation of France on August 16th the pressure was on to beat the Russians to Berlin. In December of 1944 the Germans were losing the war on both fronts with lots of casualties.
The Battle of the Bulge was an important battle for the Germans. The Battle of the Bulge could have changed the ending of World War II for the Germans. The Battle of the Bulge took place on December 16, 1944 and ended January 25,1945. The Germans mobilized their last chance to win the war. The German forces wanted to split the American and Allied troops in half, this way it would be easier to destroy the forces.
It’s inability to manufacture the tools of war and supply its troops spelled defeat for Germany in World War II even before the beginning of the Battle of the Bulge (Battle of Bulge Documentary, 2013). The brave acts of Patton, McAuliffe and many others in response to the counter attack prevented a German outbreak that would have extend the war in Europe costing more lives and money.
The Development of a Stalemate on the Western Front The Schlieffen plan did not, it failed to work for various reasons, some of these being The Russian offensive, German advance east of Paris, the German exhaustion, Joffres leadership, British involvement, Belgiumresistance. In August Germany invaded Belgium and Britain stood by its guarantee of Belgium's neutrality and declared war on Germany, within a week, 120,000 troops of the British Expeditionary Force had been secretly shipped to France, this held the Germans up briefly and the British the retreated to France to help the French. The Germans marched in to France but they were forced, because of their lack of soldiers, to sweep east of Paris and they failed to encircle Paris. The French armies retreating from the German forces were reinforced by they French troops who had failed to take Alsace-Lorraine under Plan XVII The Belgium army resisted the German invasion and managed to hold up the German advance particularly in fortresses such as liege, despite this though Belgium's capital city fell on 20th August. Russia also mobilised quicker then Germany had expected and it invaded Germany on the 17th August, this forced the German commander to transfer troops from Belgium to the east to fight Russia.