The Battle of Gettysburg

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The Battle of Gettysburg is a famous battle in the American Civil War (1861-1865) that took place in southern Pennsylvania from July 1 to July 3, 1863. The main issue of the Civil War is the expansion of slavery into federal territories. The Northern states fought to abolish slavery and free the slaves from the Southern plantations. The Southern states built their economy on the plantation crops of cotton and tobacco. Plantations thrived in the South with the free labor of slaves, and the Southern economy would collapse if slavery were abolished (Benson). The people of the Southern states considered slaves to be part of their property, and they were adamant to retain slavery.
During the war, eleven states seceded from the United States: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee. The southern states that chose to secede from the nation formed the Confederate States of America. The Northern states still considered themselves as the United States and strove to restore the rebellious Southern states to that union. The President of the United States at the time was Abraham Lincoln. The Confederate States of America also had their own president, Jefferson Davis. The casualty of the Civil War would surpass all American wars up to Vietnam War combined.
The Battle of Gettysburg began when the Confederate’s general, Robert E. Lee, invaded the town of Gettysburg in hope of relieving Virginia farmers of the burden of war and to allow them to harvest crops for the Confederacy without interference (Thomason). Lee believed that his army could take advantage of the farms and woodlands of rural Pennsylvania during the plentiful summer months. The t...

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...rg on July 4th, (which took nearly six months) divided the Confederacy in two. It was significant that both Union victories had occurred on the same day: July 4th, the anniversary of signing the Declaration of Independence.
About four months after the victory of the Battle of Gettysburg, President Abraham Lincoln gave his Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Lincoln’s address consists 272 words, and took only a few minutes to deliver. Lincoln's brief Gettysburg address became a message for the nation's ideals, mission, and patriotism (Simon). Lincoln paid honor to the Union dead by claiming their sacrifice for the principles of the Declaration of Independence and the desire for “a new birth of freedom.” He also emphasized the words of the nation's founders that all men were created equal regardless of race or ethnicity.

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