The first battle fought in the Wars of the Roses was the First Battle at St Albans. After King Henry VI recovered from his fit, and Richard of York was dismissed as protectorate, King Henry VI assembled a new council that was not only filled with men who supported the House of Lancaster, but was noticeably missing any York blood. York’s newly assembled army marched to the town of St. Albans, where it met the Lancastrian front lines. This first battle proved to be very sloppy, with seemingly no real planning on either side of the ba... ... middle of paper ... ...ck’s flank, leading to the surrender and retreat of the Lancastrian army. Margaret sailed back from France, HOW DID MAGS GET TO FRANCE with an army, intending to surprise Edward IV and reclaim her family’s right to the throne.
The war officially broke out in St Albans in 1455. York killed Somerset and then pleaded forgiveness from Henry and shortly became Henrys chief advisor. This situation was fine, until Henry fell ill and his wife, Queen Margaret of Anjou, one of York's enemies. This split the two houses once again. The next battle of extreme importance took place at Wakefield on the 30th December 1460.
After King Henry V’s very short reign ended, the Duke of York, Richard, the son of Richard, Anne Mortimer, and the Earl of C... ... middle of paper ... ...d to be murdered. At the Battle of Bosworth Field, King Richard III was defeated by the Lancastrians and was also killed. Henry Tudor was then awarded king and was known as King Henry VII. He was the first Tudor king. He was the grandchild of Catherine of Valois, who was the widow of Owen Tudor and King Henry V. Henry married Elizabeth of York who was Edward IV’s daughter.
William the Conqueror Changing the Course of English History After successfully invading England, William the Conqueror changed the course of English history. The illegitimate son of Robert I of Normandy, William became Duke of Normandy on his father's death in 1035. With many in his family eager to profit from his death, his childhood was dangerous: three of his guardians died violently and his tutor was murdered. In 1042 he began to take more personal control, but his attempts to bring his subjects into line caused problems. From 1046 until 1055 he dealt with a series of baronial rebellions.
Queen Margaret, whose son was thus disinherited, raised an army and defeated the Yorkists at Wakefield in 1460. Here York was killed, and his son Edward assumed his claim. Margaret's army rescued the king at the second battle of St. Albans in 1461, but Edward meanwhile was victorious at Mortimer's Cross and assumed the throne as Edward IV. Henry was recaptured in 1465 and the Yorkists seemed to be in command. A quarrel then developed over the king's marriage, and Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, and the king's brother George, duke of Clarence, deserted Edward.
Edward invaded France in 1356. Both the French forces and English Forces clash outside of Poitiers, and France almost succeeds, but Edward broke their front lines, and was able to capture the king of France and two thousand French soldiers. The ransom was nearly one third of France’s GNP (Gross National Product) to get ... ... middle of paper ... ...battle marked the end of the fighting in Northern France. After being pushed out of northern France, Henry VI sent an army to Bordeaux in an attempt to gain at least some territory in France. The French responded by besieging the town of Castillon.
Virginia claimed ownership of Ohio, and Governor Dinwiddie hoped to prevent the French from founding their permanent post there. However, the militia group was too late, for the French were already constructing Fort Duquesne at the strategic point where the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers meet. George Washington was twenty-two and commanded the Virginian militia who attacked a French detachment and eventually surrendered after a day-long battle during which more than one-third of his men were killed or wounded. Washington had made a huge mistake that would eventually set of a war that would encompass nearly the entire world. “America, mayest well rejoice, the Children of New England may be glad and triumph” (Doc.
The Black Prince tried to retreat back into English territor... ... middle of paper ... ...bury, marched to Castillon, and attacked the lines of the besiegers, but were taken in flank by a sortie from the French entrenchments and totally defeated, Talbot being slain. On October 19 following, Bordeaux opened her gates to the French. Although in terms of military tactics, weapons, and organization, England was clearly superior, France was too large and heavily populated to be occupied permanently. It had been the civil war within France that had created the opportunity for English, and when the quarrel was healed, and France unites against England. It took many years to drive England all the way out of France, and the city of Calais didn't fall until the 16th century.
In spite of the visible success, England lost the very war. Having not seized Orleans, they were beaten in the battle of Pates, letting the dauphin to crown himself as Charles VII. In 1449 the French took back Roanne and Cannes. English army under the command of John Talbot attempted to turn back Gascony, but lost in the battle of Castillon in 1453. That one was the last battle of the war, which ended with capitulation of an English garrison in Bordeaux.
Leading up to the `D-Day' of the 18th century, battles were waged throughout the Ohio River Valley which saw the French militiamen the victor's... ... middle of paper ... ...e towards their North American colonies, abandoned them. Lacking a professional military, a suitable economy and the investment from the mother country, New France was lost. The habitant, who most of them only knew Europe to be a place from which their family came, could not understand why so much death was needed. They were never in control of their destiny or remotely in proximity of the factors which decided it. The fall of Québec was inevitable and so was the destruction of the habitant's way of life.