This was at first successful when the British took Pennsylvania, but hit a snag when Burgoyne met the Continental Army at Freeman’s Farm on September 19, 1777 - the first of the Saratoga battles. This was a tactical victory for the British, but it came at a price, as their casualties were heavy. It was known that the British won this Battle at Freeman’s Farm, but in actuality, they didn’t have many troops left. On October 7, in the Battle of Bemis Heights, the second Battle of Saratoga, Britain attacked America again as Burgoyne took the offensive. The troops crashed together south of the town of Saratoga, and Burgoyne's army was broken and his command captured.
American independence from Britain was fought for in the Revolutionary War after these clashes. On June seventeenth in the year of 1775 is when the British attacked in Boston and had won the Battle of Bunker Hill. British strengths included their well-equipped, trained, and disciplined army, the finest Navy with military support troops, and outside help from Native Americans as well as slaves. Fighting on their own territory with a cause, having George Washington, and officers familiar with fighting strategies from the French and Indian war such as guerrilla warfare helped the Americans excel in war, (Cayton, et al). As... ... middle of paper ... ...s personally commanded by himself as it revitalized the Americans to not give up on their independence from Britain, (E. Purcell, S. Purcell).
At Bemis Heights, Gate's defensive tactics had insured a tactical victory for the Patriots. However, Arnold saw an opportunity to seize the offensive while Burgoyne was vulnerable and led a counterattack. This bold move so badly wounded the British forces that Burgoyne surrendered days later at Saratoga. Second Battle of Saratoga: The Battle of Bemis Heights After waiting several weeks for developments from General Henry Clinton's campaign along the Hudson River, British commander Lieutenant General John Burgoyne finally took the offensive on 7 October 1777. Like the First Battle of Saratoga, his plan focused upon a reconnaissance in force of
In 1774, the First Continental Congress met and formed and began to raise issues which would later stimulant local organizations to end their fidelity for England. However, not everyone favored the revolutionary moveme... ... middle of paper ... ... to using arms after a decade of fighting verbally, was because both sides finally became aware that force alone would decide on the issues which divided the empire. In April 1775, the battle of Lexington occurred, closely followed by the battle of Concord. “These two very important bloodshed served to evoke the sprit of the American patriotism”. The Second Continental Congress met on May 10, 1775 and George Washington was elected commander of the patriotic forces.
The 1777 Tryon Raid, although certainly a short-term military victory for England, had negative ramifications for the greater British war effort. Indeed, the destruction of Danbury triggered a heightened sense of American nationalism in the colonies that sparked patriotic fervor throughout the Continental Army and consequently, enabled America to emerge victorious. Towards the end of 1776, the Continental Army’s commissioners chose Danbury, Connecticut as a depot for military provisions that would supply the northern and eastern fronts because of its tactical position between the Long Island Sound and the Hudson River. Noticing this strategic military placement of goods, the oppressed local Tories exposed this location to the British army, who then devised an ... ... middle of paper ... ...join the Connecticut Army of Reserve. Meig’s Raid of Sag Harbor negated the losses sustained in the tragic burning of Danbury and established Connecticut as a Patriot stronghold in the Colonies, causing the British to only raid the naturally exposed coasts of the state in the future.
The Revolutionary War started in 1775. The American colonies have had enough of the British occupants and set their foot down in pursuit to freedom and independence. Each battle that happened during the Revolutionary War had its own significance and contributions to the independence of the colonies. Many brave men laid their lives in pursuit of the dream of independence from British control. One particular battle paved the way for that independence to become a reality.
There is a common misconception that the sole cause of the American Revolutionary War was the taxes imposed on the colonies by Britain. If a closer look is taken at the history of the Americas, however, it is easy to see that idea of freedom had been pulsing through the colonies for years. Just how did His Majesty King George III lose his American colonies? The answer is a chain of events stringing from the French and Indian war to the day George Washington handed over his troops to the Continental Congress, officially ending the War for Independence. Before the French and Indian War, Britain had used a system of Salutary Neglect with the colonies, giving them a sense of freedom.
The siege of Yorktown significantly propelled the American colonies as a legitimate power in the western hemisphere. Many variables led to the downfall of the British Army and ultimate surrender to the American army. Though the defeat can be read in history book, it goes without controversy. The British had more experience, better equipment and better leaders. Some of the factors that have to be looked at was the American and foreign military support, Cornwallis defeat and the weapons used to defeat the British army and navy.
The Battle of Saratoga: The Turning Point of the American Revolution The Revolutionary War is enshrined in American memory as the beginning of a new nation born in freedom. (The Saratoga Chamber of Commerce, 1999) On 17 October 1777, the surrender of the British during the Battle of Saratoga proved to the world that the American Army was an effective fighting force. The American victory at Saratoga was a major turning point in the America’s fight for Independence. This victory also resulted in needed military support from European powers, particularly France, against the British Empire. (Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 2006) The major factors that led to the British downfall during the Battle of Saratoga were their lack of intelligence collection assets, American versus European tactics, harsh terrain, poor logistic, and American resolve.
Burgoyne’s plan sounded like a good idea to the British, but this action could be argued to be the reason why Britain did not win this war. Nearing the end of the war, the British were scarce on man and supplies. Washington took his army and his French allies to Yorktown and finished the British off ending the war. The most pivotal battles in determining the outcome of the American Revolution were battle of Trenton, Battle of Saratoga, and battle of Yorktown. The Battle of Trenton was not just about capturing the Hessians.