“The aim and the final end of music should be none other than the glory of God and the refreshment of the soul,” (brainyquote.com). This quote from Johann Sebastian Bach wholly describes the Baroque era. What musical forms, styles, and composers defined and dominated the Baroque musical era? The Baroque period lasted from the mid-1600’s to the mid-1700’s. The word “baroque” actually comes from the Portuguese term, “barocco,” meaning, “oddly-shaped pearl,” (baroque.org). This term was applied to the music and art of the 1600’s and 1700’s because, to the critics, as well as the patrons, the styles were overdone and exaggerated (baroque.org). The musical style of the Baroque proved to be revolutionary. Music was composed for certain locations, occasions, and mediums. New forms came to light and new techniques were introduced. Indeed, the motive of the Baroque composers was to glorify God and to inspire their listeners, inviting them to travel into a totally different world. George Frideric Handel and Antonio Vivaldi were two such composers and their music proved itself to be deep and inviting. Their music especially embodied the Baroque style through its powerfully emotional quality.
The Baroque Masters lecture performance by Dr. Yelena Grinberg showcased a selection of keyboard works composed during the Baroque Ear (1600-1750) by t Baroque Masters George Frederic Handel, Domenico Scarlatti, and Johann Sebastian Bach. The ideal of the Baroque period was that music should not only be pleasing, but it must also induce very strong, visceral emotions and stir the passions of the soul. Some important features of the Baroque ear are the precise and elevated rhythms, clear and defined meter, irregular or embellished melodies, and an enriched and unified texture which was he together by the ongoing ground bass known as basso continuo. Although each of these Baroque Masters composed music that was highly reflective of the Baroque
The Music of the Baroque Era The style of polyphonic music containing elaborate ornamentation and contrasting elements, that is how Baroque music is defined. The Baroque era was a kind of transitional era in art and music. The Renaissance means rebirth and is typically regarded as such. The Baroque era in music is not a set style in music but many diverse styles which may be broken down into at least three distinct periods.
Baroque music is the western music art style that was composed in the era of Renaissance, that is, between 1600 and 1750. Music at any given period reflects tendencies, impulses and influences that are found in art of other kinds of the same period. Therefore the name baroque also applied to the architecture, literature and art in the same period. Baroque has in the past and to some degree in the present had the implications of abnormality, grotesqueness and absurdity. But in its applications to music in the Renaissance period the term baroque does not have connotations that are pejorative because much of the music composed in this period is of high and fine quality (Swain, 7).
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German organist, composer, and musical scholar of the Baroque period, and is almost universally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time. His works, noted for their intellectual depth, technical command, and artistic beauty, have provided inspiration to nearly every musician after him, from Mozart to Schoenberg.
Johann Sebastian Bach was one of the most famous German composers of his time. All of his work was mostly during the baroque era. The baroque period was from 1600 to 1750 and it is known to be one of the most diverse musical periods as opposed to the other classical music eras. It was in this era that “included composer like Bach, Vivaldi and Handel, who pioneered new styles like the concerto and the sonata.”(Classic FM) Johann Sebastian was born in the midst of the Baroque era as he was born on March 31, 1685 in Thuringia, Germany. Johann came from a family of musicians, which is how he himself became one as well. It was his father who showed him how to play his first instrument, which was the violin. His father was also a well-known musician in his town as he “worked as the town musician in Eisenach.”(Johann Sebastian Bach) It is known that Johann Sebastian went to a school that taught him
The Baroque era contains three phases: early, middle, and late. During the early phase of Baroque, harmony became the central idea to music. The Florentine Camarata reinvigorated this style and were the ones who opposed their contemporary music. This group started in Italy and influenced composers in France. Baroque music would help create the popular form of music known as opera. Since it focuses on the soloist rather than a group of people singing simultaneously. It also focuses on the harmonic aspect of music (Palisca, 25).
The Classical era in the history of classical music lasted from approximately 1775-1825. This title was given because during this era, many people were reading the classical works from Greco-Roman culture, such as books by Plato or Aristotle (Kansas University). Historically, much upheaval was occurring in the world: the Age of Enlightenment was in full force, resulting in philosophers such as Rousseau and Voltaire, whose literature focused on the common man. As a result, public concerts became more common, as people began to feel that music was for every man (Kansas University). Going back into history, the major influences of the Classical period’s style were Johann Sebastian Bach’s two sons Carl Bach and Johann Christian Bach (1714-1788 & 1735-1782 respectively) (Sherrane). Both of these men had the more reserved style of the Classical era before it even began, and they influenced three of the biggest names of this era: Beethoven, Haydn, and Mozart. Johann personally met Mozart in London, and greatly influenced his concertos for piano. Meanwhile, Haydn and Beethoven were both influenced by the sonatas of Carl Bach. All three of these musicians, at some point in their life, studied in the city of...
The baroque period was known for its “unity of mood” and lasted from 1600 to 1750. The classical period was known as the “age of enlightenment” and lasted from 1750 to 1820. Music in the baroque period was composed to order for specific events and important dates while music in the classical period was created for freelance musicians. Rhythm between both periods differs greatly, in the baroque period the rhythm was steady, regular, and constant, while in the classical period the rhythm provided variety and contrast with its unexpected pauses and frequent changes between notes. Dynamics between both periods are vastly different as well, during the baroque period the dynamics would change suddenly rather than gradually and during the classical period they could change either gradually or suddenly. Tone color of the baroque period consisted of the use of the basso continuo, however, in the classical period, the basso continuo ended and instead, wind and brass instruments were used to provide contrast. Melodies of the baroque period were often complex and hard to remember, unlike the classical period where they were the melodies were tuneful and easy to remember. In both, the harmonies were based on major and minor scales, however, in the classical period dissonance was used to provide
Throughout history there have been many distinct periods of time. These various eras are all alike in a way because they all slowly flow into each other. One of these unique times was called the Baroque period. The Baroque time began during the 1600's and ended early during the early 1700's. The way Baroque music was looked at was varied depending on where you looked at it from. In Italy, it was largely energetic and spectacular. Yet, if you were to travel North, you would encounter the "gloom's of muted firelight."