The Baastille: The History And History Of The Bastille
1006 Words5 Pages
In the fourteenth century, the monstrosity of a fortress, known as the Bastille, was constructed. Around 1370, when King Charles V reigned, the Bastille was completed as a fortress, during the Thousand Years War against England (examiner.com, history.com). It was originally designed as a “bastide” or a “fortification” to defend Paris from an English attack (history.com). It was known scarcely for its five-foot thick walls linked to eight circular towers, along with one hundred foot walls and eighty-foot moats (Corizine 45, history.com). The main access was guarded by a drawbridge, which led to the main courtyard (Corizine 45). As time progressed, in the seventeenth century, it was no longer treated as a fortress, but as a state prison to store political prisoners (Corizine 45, examiner.com, history.com). With time passing, the Bastille was run independently and its original name “Bastide”, was now “Bastille” (history.com). According to historians, the Bastille was French for, “a strongly fortified structure.” The Bastille was supposed to symbolize pain and misery of the Bourbon kings (Frey 158). Parisians, referred to the Bastille as an “imposing structure” (history.com). The Bastille was to at first represent royal despotism (Frey 158). As the revolution arose in 1789, it consisted of an astonishing seven prisoners, with one being there on account of murder (examiner.com, Frey 158). These prisoners then became symbols of “monarchial oppression” (examiners.com). The prison’s circumstances exceeded that of the other prisons at that time (Corizine 45). As the revolution advanced, the Bastille would be put to the test to see if it really was “a strong fortified structure.”
On the night of July 13th, rumors flew from city to city of...
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... How would the king respond to the revolutionaries actions? (Corizine 46-47). The next day, he ordered that the Bastille be torn down by February 6th, 1790. To remember the Bastille, the last stone of the prison-fortress was donated to the National Assembly. The fall of the Bastille represents the end of the “ancient regime” (history.com). On July 14th, which is now Bastille Day, as it is referred to, is the national holiday celebrated in France (Fray 158). Though the defenders of the Bastille put up a strong fight, by the end of the day, the Bastille was no longer in existence.
The results at the Battle of the Bastille made it one of the most significant days in the French Revolution. From the Bastille’s so called flawless structure, to its once incorruptible defense system. These traits made the Bastille one of the most magnificent structures to stand in history.