The Awareness And Practice Of Cervical Cancer Screening Program Among The Nursing Students

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Phenomenon of interest The researcher is interested to study about the knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening program among the nursing students. Meanwhile the researcher wants to explore about the effectiveness of an educational intervention to enhance the prevention of cervical cancer. Background Worldwide, cervical cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer in women with an estimated 530000 new cases in 2012 representing 7.5% of all female cancer deaths. Of the estimated more than 270 000 deaths from cervical cancer every year, more than 85% of these occur in less developed regions (International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2015). In developed countries, programs are in place which enable women to get screened, making most pre-cancerous lesions identifiable at stages when they can easily be treated. Early treatment prevents up to 80% of cervical cancers in these countries. In developing countries, limited access to effective screening means that the disease is often not identified until it is further advanced and symptoms develop. In addition, prospects for treatment of such late-stage disease may be poor, resulting in a higher rate of death from cervical cancer in these countries.(4,5)The high mortality rate from cervical cancer globally (52%) could be reduced by effective screening and treatment programs (International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2015).The precancerous lesions are detectable ten years prior to the development of cancer. Therefore detecting and treating women during this period using various screening tools helps in reducing the incidence of cervical cancer and the mortality related to it (Shrestha, Saha, & Tripathi, 2013). It is sad to state that Nepalese women have achieved succe... ... middle of paper ... ... screening and predict the adoption and maintenance of this behavior. In addition, there were many studies, which had used HBM for cancer screening like breast cancer, cervical cancer and colorectal cancer. The researcher proposed to study the effect of educational intervention using HBM in order to promote nurse’s knowledge and change in their behavior. Summary Cervical cancer is the most common cause of death among women in Nepal. It is the early detectable and preventable cancer with proper utilization of the screening tests. As cervical cancer is still increasing in Nepal, health care providers should pay more attention towards the prevention of disease rather than treating the disease at the late stage with poor prognosis. The Health Belief Model can be the guide for health care providers to improve the behaviors of women in prevention of cervical cancer.

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