1 Chapter 1 - Introduction
1.1 Background of the study
The automotive manufacturing field today is undergoing many challenges, development and innovation. Manufacturing companies cannot ignore these changes because they are constantly happening and at rapid pace. Globalisation has created a competitive market for the manufacturing sector by the varying demands in product mix and volume. Many companies fail to keep up with the market because they are still operating using traditional manufacturing systems and they understand that a paradigm shift is required. This general problem of not being able to stay competitive with the changing environment has spurred much research efforts to look for, study and design a new manufacturing system. Studies and research efforts help improve the approach of companies towards manufacturing. In the 21st century, manufacturing has become very product-focused because consumers demand their products to suit their specifications, with constantly changing needs. Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems (RMS) is the result of extensive research to come up with a new manufacturing system.
Reconfigurable manufacturing system is a new approach which tackles the problems mentioned above. RMS is designed so that it can quickly respond to changes in the market whether they may be production of new models of products or fluctuations in the product volume. An approach such as this fully utilises the high yield of dedicated manufacturing lines (DML) and the flexibility of flexible manufacturing systems (FMS). Responsiveness is also an advantage of RMS and it refers to the speed at which a company can change goals, produce new and different products. In short, the function of reconfigurable manufacturing system (RMS...
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...me frame of manufacturing automotive parts
2. To provide detailed and accurate lead times for overall operation of each component manufactured
3. To compare the performance between dynamic scheduling systems using various priority rules and the standard optimal schedule in practise
1.4 Scope of the study
1. The system is designed for the production scheduling of automotive parts
2. The operation duration of operations involving very small number of part are ignored
3. Automotive parts considered must be part of a family of products which are essentially the same parts, but involves different operations and sequence of jobs
4. Setup time, manufacturing, loading and unloading are specified as the scope of the operation during
5. Only the fabrication processes of the automotive parts are being studied while the design and assembly lead times are not taken into account