The Autism Spectrum: Possible Causes and Effects

1363 Words6 Pages
Twenty five percent of people around the world suffer from some sort of mental illness. That is about 2 billion people worldwide. People might not be able to recognize all of the people with the illnesses. One percent of all people are on the Autistic spectrum. Signs and symptoms normally appear between the ages of two and three, but there are early signs. There has been research for this disorder on the subject of causes, but the causes are unknown for the most part. The effects are complicated as well, and follow no specific rule, just a few outlines. There is not even one type of Autism, just the autistic spectrum, which encompasses all the different intensity levels of Autism. Autism is caused by many things, and not one in particular, but includes genetic vulnerability, complications during pregnancy, and various environmental factors, but the effects can be from social habits, behavior, and communication. Autism is a very complex disease, doctors still have not found a specific cause of Autism, but there are many causes that may be the link to the disease. Genetic vulnerability plays a role in the development of Autism. Autistic symptoms can be present as soon as the child is one year old. There are many genetic mutations that account for many diseases, including Autism. One of the most common genetic causes for Autism is “Fragile X Syndrome” (Causes). Studies have shown that 30% of people with Fragile X Syndrome have Autism as well (Autism and Fragile X Syndrome). Tuberous sclerosis is another disease often associated with the genetics of Autism. About 40% of people with Tuberous sclerosis develop Autism (TSC and Autism Spectrum Disorders). The main reason for the two diseases link is because of “the abnormalities in brai... ... middle of paper ... ... "Effect of Autism on Families." Effect of Autism on Families Autism Society of Edmonton Area. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. . "Mental Disorders." Autism. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. A-Br/Autism.html>. "Pregnancy." CDC. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. LifeStagesPopulations/Pregnancy/QAfolicAcid>. “The Sensory World of Autism." Autism.org.uk. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. the-sensory-world-of-autism.aspx>. "TSC and Autism Spectrum Disorders." TSC and Autism Spectrum Disorders. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2014. .

More about The Autism Spectrum: Possible Causes and Effects

Open Document