Aboriginal are people with close relationship with land and maintain their link with ancestral Aboriginal spirits for more than ten thousand years. Aboriginal were nomadic hunter and gatherers who would move to find resource in different seasons. In early 1788, there were probably about 500.000 to 1 million Aboriginal people living in Australia. 1.1.Invasion and Settlement of European in 1788. Captain James Cook found Australia on 29 April 1770.
(Compton Encyclopedia) The first people to inhabit Australia were called Australian Aborigines they inhabited Australia for tens of thousands of years before the Europeans arrived. They lived in a hunter gatherer society and were somewhat nomadic. When the Europeans began arriving the Aborigines began to die due to foreign diseases, land loss, and conflicts with settlers. The Aborigines were not treated the same as Europeans until the 1960s when they started to receive voting rights, and the assimilation policy was forcibly removed. Aboriginal culture is increasingly recognized as an integral par... ... middle of paper ... ...embrace their history.
The Dreamtime is linked with many aspects of Aboriginal practise, including rituals, storytelling and Aboriginal lore, and explains the origin of the universe, the workings of nature and the nature of humanity, and the cycle of life and death. It shapes and structures Aboriginal life by controlling kinship, ceremonial life, and the relationship between males and females with a system of responsibility involving people, land and spirits. The aim or objective of traditional Aboriginal people was to live the exact lifestyle that had been created for them by the creators thus, the Aboriginal people strive to perpetuate and continue the never ending dreaming. The creators were the ancestors of all living things, including the Aborigines themselves. Sometimes human, sometimes animal, they were possessed of miraculous powers.
Aboriginal Customary Laws and Australian Contemporary Laws Aboriginal customary laws, before white settlement in 1788, were considered primitive by the British, if considered at all. But Aboriginal laws and customs had lasted hundreds of years, based on traditions such as kinship ties and rituals. These laws were formed by ancestors, spirits, and Aboriginal beliefs, and were passed down the generations by word-of-mouth instead of written down. Being over 500 tribes (each with it's own clans) in Australia at one point, there were many variations to their guidelines, customised to each area of the land. Although the laws varied throughout the ages, this way of life remained until white settlement.
Australia has more than ten thousand primary and secondary schools. In the early 1990s Australian had thirty-nine universities . The way of life in Australia reflects the heritage of British settlers . Australia has many interesting sites like beaches, mountains, deserts , museums, art , music , Film and many other sites . The oldest music of Australia is Aborigines.
Archaeologists have found that much of the interior of Australia was abandoned due to severe climatic conditions between 25,000 and 15,000 years ago and reoccupied after the conditions improved. Up until the time the European settlers came in 1788, the Aborigines occupied and utilized the entire continent and had adapted successfully to a large range of ecological and climatic conditions, from wet temperate and tropical rain forests to extremely arid deserts. Population densities ranged from about 1 to 8 square miles per person in the more fertile and coastal areas to more than 35 square miles per person in the deserts. Estimates of the Aboriginal population vary from 300,000 to more t... ... middle of paper ... ... though they date back to the prehistoric times, they are not really well known around the world the way they should be. It also upsets me about how the Europeans could just come over and take the Aborigines’ sacred land away from them and force them to conform to the European lifestyle.
1 History 1.1 Origin 1.1.1 Indigenous people of Australia Aborigines have been in Australia for at least 40 000 years, with a possible range of up to even 125 000 years, but the oldest human remains found so far, were only 40 000 years old. In general, it is believed that all Aborigines are related to one migration into Australia. A minority of scholars however, suggests that there were three waves of migration into the continent. Their curly black hair, blue-black skins, thick lips and wide noses remind of southern India and Papua New Guinea, so it is generally believed that this is where Aboriginal people originally came from. Most likely, the Aborigines lived in the same surroundings as the Australian megafauna.
In the 19th century, smallpox was the biggest cause of Aboriginal deaths. Aboriginal people speak mostly English, but they do have a variety of their own language that they speak in phrases and words to create an Aboriginal English language. Before the English settled in Australia, the Aborigines had over 250 languages, as opposed to now when they have around 15 that they speak. They traditionally believed in animist spiritual frameworks, compared to present time where only 1% still believe in animist and 73% believe in Christianity. The animist spiritual framework includes belief in animals, Mother Nature and they have a deep love for nature.
Migrants have made a major contribution to shaping modern Australia. People born overseas make up almost one quarter of the total population. About its ethics distribution, aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people totaled 410 003 at the last census, nearly 2.2 per cent of the population. Two thirds of the indigenous people live in towns and cities. Many others live in rural and remote areas, and some still have a broadly traditional way of life.
For not less than 40,000 years prior to European settlement in the later half of 18th century, Australia was colonised by aboriginals groups who belonged to approximately 250 language groups. It was discovered by Dutch in 1606; however, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770. This dispute was settled on 26th January 1788. With the passage of time and with the subsequent growth of the population the continent was further explored and five autonomous ‘Crown Colonies’. Now they are divided in six states and two main land regions.